Oktoberfest begins in Germany

2016 Oktoberfest begins in Munich; the Beer lovers from all around the world are ready to stream into the Munich's Theresienwiese for the start of this year's cheer with beer Oktoberfest. This is going to be the 183rd Oktoberfest in Munich, Germany.

What is Oktoberfest all about?

What is Oktoberfest all about?

The Oktoberfest began on October 12, 1810, to celebrate the marriage of Crown Prince Ludwig of Bavaria, who later became the King Ludwig I. He married to Princess Therese of Saxony-Hildburghausen, according to Oktoberfest de. The celebrations ran through October 17, for five days after the marriage. A large fest was organized in front of the Sendlinger Tor, one of the gates that lead towards to Munich. The celebrations were the highest moments for the people o Munich and the festivities included horse races which became later the Oktoberfest custom lasting until today since 1938.


While in the year 1811, an agricultural fair was added, and by 1818 beer pubs were started alongside with the performers. So starting from then, it became a great traveler attraction and a great opportunity for the visitors to learn more about Bavaria, its people, and culture.

Munich Oktoberfest is held in the month of September, as the weather is milder than the Octobers. The fest lasts for almost sixteen days, beginning on a Saturday in September and ends on the first Sunday of October. Already the horse racing was ended in 1938, the other events continued over the years with the exception of wartime.

Since 1887 lederhosen and dirndls are the traditional wear for the attendees. When the sharp dot hits at 12 noon on Saturday, September 17th, The Munich’s mayor Dieter Reiter will tap the first barrel declaring the "Wiesn“ - as per Munich people they call it-  officially open.  The fest begins with a parade, and then it’s the time you can see everyone with big beer mugs cheering each other.  You will see the City mayor and the other civic leaders, followed by a horse-drawn brewer’s carts, bands, and townspeople wearing the traditional costumes. The parade ends at the oldest tent at the Oktoberfest, the Schottenhamel Tent where the mayor starts the fest with the first keg of beer and then the toasting begins.  It is estimated that more than 7,000,000 people attended the opening ceremony.

The Schottenhamel Tent

The six major brewers of the Oktoberfest Maerzen beer in Munich will be found in the seven halls where there will be live music throughout the day and evening. Here are the six major brewers: Lowenbrau, Hacker-Pschorr, Hofbrauhaus, Spaten, Augustiner, and Paulaner.

You will find people dancing and screaming outside the beer tents, with the music, sideshows, carnival rides and lot of delicious German food serving.

While kids below the age six must leave the tents before; even they are in the company of their parents. For families you will find extra discounts on particular days, and everything will be served to eat like; wursts of beef, chicken, pork, veal, slices of beef, pieces of chicken, sauerkraut, variety of potato salads, cabbage, onions, and of course pretzels to be enjoyed with a large stein of favorite beer.

Happy Oktoberfest!!!


9/22 — Autumn Equinox Begins

When do the Seasons of the Year Begin?

Here are the times & dates for the four seasons as per Eastern Time.

Seasons of 2016

seasons of 2017

Fall comes year after year, but the arrival of waiting for autumn is still very special for all of us. One day late in the summer, we will feel the subtle crispness in the air. Before you are aware of it, you can see the spice colors of the pumpkin everywhere and on everything.  We all will be wrapped in sweaters and wear boots and seen in shades of orange, after slogging in the hot august, it excites us.

We should thank the autumnal equinox for this exciting shift from the hot and sultry summer to foggy fall. While most of us are aware of when the first day of autumn hits the lands on the calendar, but there is more to the equinox.

What is the Autumnal Equinox?

What is the Autumnal Equinox?

The autumn equinox happens every year on September either on 22nd, 23rd or even sometimes on 24th depending on the calendar. This is considering as the astronomical start of the fall in the Northern Hemisphere and spring in the Southern Hemisphere.

The name equinox comes from Latin aequus (equal) and nox (night) — “equal night”; which means the day and night are about the same duration of time. During this equinox period, the Sun crosses what we call the “celestial equator” from north to south.  During this period, the amount of nighttime and daytime will be roughly equal to each other.

The other definition for autumn equinox is nights of below freezing temperatures are combined with days of temperatures below 70 degrees Fahrenheit.

From here on the temperatures will slowly begin to drop and the days light will start to get shorter than the nights that means the hours of daylight will decline.

Enjoy the Northern Lights

You have a chance to catch and enjoy the northern light in the month of September. As September rolls in you enjoy the autumn equinox and can easily catch the increase of aurora borealis display for those who are located at Northern Hemisphere. As per NASA, the equinoxes are prime time for Northern Lights and you will find more geomagnetic activities to take place in the fall time and spring, than in the summer or winter.

Celebrated Across the World

There are many cultures across the world which host feasts to celebrate the September equinox.

Happy 2016 equinox!!!


International Talk like a Pirate Day

International Talk Like a Pirate Day – ITLAPD is a parody holiday celebrated for the first time in 1995 on September 19. This holiday was created by John Baur (Ol' Chumbucket) and Mark Summers (Cap'n Slappy) of Albany, Oregon, U.S., out of respect for World War II’s D-Day. However, this day was a quite low event until 2002; when it received media awareness via syndicated humor columnist Dave Barry. If you see today it is celebrated all around the world as a way to increase funds for charity organizations, Childhood Cancer Support and Marie Curie Cancer Care.


On June 6, 1995, a group of men were playing racquetball with all excitement throughout the day they were shouting and encouraging each other. But for reasons unbeknownst to them, they started shouting in piratical slang at each other. From then it took on a life of its own. By the end of the game, the players realized that it was essential that they create a holiday to celebrate which encouraged the use of such a fine language. The one thing they needed was the date to celebrate, but due respect for the adherence of the Normandy landings, they chose summer’s ex-wife's birthday, as it would be easy for him to keep in mind.

This was just an inside joke between the two friends John Baur and Mark Summers, but later the holiday gained publicity when John Baur and Mark Summers sent a letter about the created holiday to the American syndicated columnist and author of a great number of books Dave Barry in 2002. Barry liked the idea and he promoted the holiday, and it’s been one of the amazing years soon after another and people all over the country started celebrating this auspicious holiday.

Pirates — Criminals at Sea

Pirates are people who commend acts of robbery and fighting at sea. This was there since the seas are open to being used to transport the goods and the people from one part of the world to other. Many famous people who used to travel through sea were captured by pirates.

Traditionally if we see pirates were considered to be the most disgraceful human beings. In many countries, the acts of piracy were punishable by torture and death. Even today piracy is considered as outstandingly bad crime at par with other terrible crimes such as sedition.

Parody Version

While from the 18th century itself the image of pirates got a makeover of being cruel criminals to being a somewhat parody. They were shown with sporting eye patches, with a large colored handkerchief or a tricorne hat.  They were seen always accompanied by a pet, frequently with a parrot or a monkey; they speak a special version of the English language, which is again grammatically wrong, and often interspersed with growls.

How to Celebrate?

  • Along with kids, men and women are seen dressed like swashbuckling pirates on this day.
  • You will have completions held in your local communities and will be eligible to grab bonus if you are able to carry a pet on your shoulder, that can be a parrot or a monkey.
  • You will enjoy when you speak like a pirate the whole day. Mix together your speech with grunts and growls and slur your word that’s enough. Try to call your pals “matey”.  No good grammar on this day.
  • Plan your day and host a pirate-themed party and ask your guests to dress up like a pirate.

Did You Know?

A famous Englishman William Dampier was the first person to explore parts of what today Australia and he is also the first person to circumnavigate the world thrice. He is also known as the English pirate responsible for introducing many words in the English language which are still is use today. Some of those words include chopsticks, caress, posse, barbecue, and snug.




The Third Set of Locks project is the most momentous part of the Expansion Program. The main of this expansion is to entail the construction of the two new lock complexes in the Pacific and Atlantic sides of the Panama Canal and to create a wider and third lane of traffic for bigger ships. Each lock compound will have three steps.

The Contract was awarded toThe International Consortium Grupo Unidos por el Canal, S.A. (GUPC).

What was the official time the expansion program began?

Work to expand the Panama Canal has officially begun in September 2007.

The expansion program of Panama Canal has become a significant source of job opportunities for many people who were jobless and are of need. Since the execution of this program, more than 30,000 jobs were created along with the training programs for the professionals in different job fields.

Where will the new locks be located?

One lock will be located on the Pacific side to the southwest of the existing Miraflores Locks. The other lock will be located to the east of the existing Gatun Locks.


How do they work?

While each lock complex has three chambers; and the configuration will be similar for the existing Gatun Locks. However this project has created a new lane with an additional lock on each side, given at a capacity to handle vessels up to forty-nine meters (160 feet) wide, 366 meters (1,200 feet) long and fifteen meters (50 feet) deep, or with a cargo volume of up to 170,000 DWT and 12,000 TEU.

There are sixteen gates that are required for the new locks execution and the total sixteen rolling gates are fixed eight on each new locks complex.

Pacific Access Channel

What is the Pacific Access Channel?

The official work to expand the Panama Canal has begun initially in September2007; with dry-excavation work to create the Pacific Access Channel which will link the Third Set of Locks on the Pacific side towards the Culebra Cut. As per the design, the project consists of four phases such as PAC1, PAC2, PAC3, and PAC4.

The first three dry-excavation phases Pacific Access Channel 1 and Pacific Access Channel 3 have been already been completed and the work calls for the excavation of around 50 million cubic meters of material; till date, the required depth to allow navigation by vessels with deeper draft has already been achieved.

Raising Gatun Lake’s Maximum Operating Level

What does the project of raising Gatun Lake’s maximum operating level entails?

This project consists of the maximum raising level of Gatun Lake from 26.7 – 27.1 meters; with the focus to improve the Canal’s water supply. This expansion program enables the additional water storage capacity for Gatun Lake by nearly 200 plus million cubic meters and allows approximately 1,100 additional transits every year.

The project calls to modify the specific structures in Gatun and Pedro Miguel locks.


Rio 2016 Paralympics Games

2016 Summer Paralympics — Brazilian Portuguese: Jogos Paralimpicos de Verao de 2016 is the 15th summer Paralympic Games. These games are held every 4 years for athletes who suffer from various disabilities. The Summer Paralympics Games are the major international attraction for multi-sport events for these athletes. These games are governed by the International Paralympics Committee, and will be held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from September 7 -18 2016. While these games mark a Latin American and South American city hosts events, the second Southern Hemisphere city and nation, being the first 2000 Summer Paralympics in Sydney, and hosting events for the first time in a Lusophone – Portuguese speaking country. These games will also see the introduction of two new sports to the Paralympic program – canoeing and the Paratriathlon.

Just as India sent its leading delegation to the 2016 Rio Olympics, the Paralympics will also represent 19 athletes from the nation, this being the highest sent number for the event till date.

The main aim to start these games is to provide an equal platform for athletes with disabilities and to showcase their skills at a stage that helps them to represent their own country. In order to differentiate the difference between various categories of legitimate disabilities, the committee has come up with 10 categories, as such as impaired muscle power, impaired passive range of movement, limb deficiency, leg length difference, short stature, hypertonia, ataxia, athetosis, vision impairment and intellectual impairment.

Other than Indian athletes, the most favorite athletes overall are two visually impaired athletes Omara Durand of Cuba and Jason Smyth of Ireland. Both of the athletes are likely to be the fastest woman and man over 100 meters.

Tatyana McFadden from America is hoping to become the first track and field athlete to win gold medals at one of the Paralympic Games. A 74-year-old Libby Kosmala of Australia is contending her 12th Paralympics; Jonas Jacobsson 51, of Sweden in his 10th. Both of them are in shooting. Siamand Rahman of Iran will try to become the first Paralympian to lift 300 kilos in powerlifting and Zahra Nemati who was the flag bearer for Iran in the Rio Olympics will be the first Iranian woman to win gold in either the Olympics or Paralympics. This athlete has won gold in archery in Paralympics London.

Torch Relay

The Paralympic torch relay will begin with five individual flames, which represent to five regions of Brazil. Along with the five flames, the sixth flame will also lit in Stoke Mandeville, Great Britain, which will be united to form a single Paralympic flame. These flames will be relayed through Rio on September 6 and 7, en route to its lighting at the Maracanã during the opening ceremony.

Events & Schedules

Participating Nations

The 159 National Paralympic Committees are participating at the Summer Paralympic Games 2016, and a total of 4,342 athletes are taking part this year. The number of athletes being sent for each nation is shown beside each nation.


Around 22 sports events are scheduled to be contested at the 2016 Summer Paralympics. The committee has added two new sports to the Paralympics in Rio; canoeing and the triathlon.



Panama Canal Expansion

What is Expansion Program of Panama Canal?

The Panama Canal expansion is the largest project at the Canal since its original building; it is also known as “The Third Set of Locks Project”.  This project will create a new lane of traffic along the Canal through its construction process of a new set of locks, by doubling the waterway’s capacity. This will add a new lane to clear of traffic allowing the bigger number of ships, and increase the width and depth of the lanes and locks allowing larger ships to pass. However the existing locks allow only the passage of vessels that can carry up to 5,000 TEUs.  Whereas, the new larger size of ships called New Panamax are about one and a half times the Post- Panamax size and be able to carry over thrice as much cargo; which means up to .15,000 – 14,000 TEUs.

The project consists of several components such as:

  • New Locks — Third Set of Locks Project

  • Direct Impact on Economies of Scale and International Marine Trade

  • Access to Pacific Channel

  • Widened and deepened existing channels

  • The maximum operating water level of Gatun Lake raised

  • Improvements to water supply

  • Good Navigational Channels (Dredging)


The Panama Canal Expansion project is formally proposed on April 2, 2006, by then Panamanian President Martin Torrijos;  saying that it would transform Panama into a first World country. This proposal was approved by National Referendum with 76.8 majorities on October 22, and the Cabinet and National assembly followed suit. Then the project formally began in 2007.

It was primarily announced that the Canal expansion would be finished by August 2014 to match with the 100th anniversary of the opening of the Panama Canal. However, due to various setbacks, strikes and disputes with the construction group over cost over runs dragged the completion date to several times. Above to then the additional difficulties like seepage from the new locks was also one reason to the due.  The Panama Canal expansion was opened on June 26, 2016. The expansion doubled the Canal’s capacity and has a direct impact on economies of scale and international naval trade.

The program is also expected to create demand for ports to handle big ships with heavy capacity.  Several Unites states Eastern seaboard ports will be ready for this heavy capacity and large ships, other considerations for renovations include dredging, bridge raising and blasting. While the UK port of Southampton can handle post-Panamax Vessels and is expanding the capacity of the port to handle larger ships, the Port of Liverpool was anticipated to be capable by the end of 2015, but it was delayed until mid of 2016; while the others are considering such expansion.

Let us look at some key points which will help you understand more about Panama Canal and it's Expansion program.

The capacity of the expanded Panama Canal

While the existing locks allow the capacity up to 5,000 TEUs of the passage of vessels; thus after the extension program, the shipment capacity with the Post-Panamax Vessels along the Canal is up to 13,000-15,000 TEUs.

What is the main purpose of this Expansion Program?

The main idea behind the Expansion Program is to amplify the current capacity and to let bigger ships. As per the survey, the expansion also allows the demand growth of enhanced customer service and helps to double the new Canal’s capacity. This will also add an impact on economies of scale and international marine trade; and help maintain the Canal’s competitiveness and value the marine route through Panama’s extension.

What is the estimated price of this Expansion Program?

Till now it is estimated to US$5.25 billion.

How was it Financed?

To obtain the estimated finance and to complete this extension program of the waterway, the Panama Canal Authority has signed multiple contracts with a group of bilateral and multilateral credit institutions.

What was the actual date it began?

The actual expansion work was officially begun in September 2007. This extension has helped many people with different roles and created plenty number of job opportunities since its implementation along with the training programs for the professionals in different roles.

How does the program deal with Archaeological findings?

In every project the Archaeological findings add a significant role, thus happened with this extension program also. The Panama Canal Authority took great efforts to protect the cultural heritage, and valuable archaeological items that were found such as; the 16th-century Spanish dagger, bottles dated from last century, and pre-Colombian arrowheads have also been recovered from the excavation sites, all the findings were restored and preserved safely.

The Paleontological Findings

The PC Authority has signed a contract with the paleontological research center — STRI Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in 2012. As a result of the work; the STRI has found 8,862 items; and all these items were collected and then cataloged. Among them, 5,377 items were made up of rock and sediments and remaining 3,485 items are of fossils.

About the Environmental Impact

The activities under the Panama Canal Expansion Program bear by strict environmental values. The Canal also conducts wildlife rescue and relocation actions to protect the environment. By doing such activities the authority has rescued many mammals, birds, and reptiles and relocated to safe areas.

We will come up with the next version on this blog soon with more details on the expansion program. Until then keep reading.


NASA’s Juno Reaches Jupiter

Where is the Juno was the question roaming since few months the time it started its travel. Now Juno has reached the destination Jupiter. After almost five years of its journey to the solar system’s largest planet  NASA’s spacecraft Juno finally entered the Jupiter’s orbit during a 35 minute engine burn as per NASA and the final confirmation had completed and was received on Earth at 8.53 p.m. PDT July 4 Monday (11:53 p.m. EDT).


Independence Day is the day we all celebrated what matter the date is, but there is another reason to cheer up the people of NASA and the Americans on Juno reaching the Jupiter.  Juno is at Jupiter says the NASA’s administrator Charlie Bolden. This is the most awaited reason for the NASA to celebrate about their mission which is going boldly where no spacecraft has gone before. With this mission NASA is going to investigate the unknown facts about the Jupiter’s massive radiation belts to look into the deep planet’s interior. While this will also help how Jupiter was born and how the entire solar system was evolved.

Juno Reached Jupiter

The successful confirmation about the orbit insertion was received from Juno tracking data which was monitored at the navigation facility at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory – JPL in Pasadena, California and as well as at the Lockheed Martin Juno operations center in Littleton, Colorado. While the telemetry and the other tracking data details were received by NASA’s Deep Space Network antennas in California, Goldstone and Canberra – Australia.

Scott Bolton, the principal investigator of Juno from the Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio was all excited about the great mission, the great team and great spacecraft did and expresses him by saying that this is the one time he don’t mind being stuck in a windowless room on a night of July 4th.

How this Happened

While the preplanned events leading up to the orbital insertion engine burn included the changing spacecraft attitude by a point to main engine in the desired direction and then increased the spacecraft’s rotation rate from 2 to 5 revolutions per a minute (RPM) to help stabilize it.

The burn of Juno’s 645-Newton Leros-1b chief engine has begun on time at 8:18 p.m. PDT (11:18 p.m. EDT), declining the spacecraft’s velocity by 1,212 miles per hour and 542 meters per second allowing Juno to be captured in orbit around Jupiter, this happened almost immediately after the burn was completed. Juno turned so that the sun’s rays might once again arrive at the 18,698 individual solar cells to give Juno its energy.

The spacecraft worked perfectly; and Jupiter orbit insertion was a huge step and the most challenging mission plan for NASA which was successful. NASA has clarified that there are some more that need to occur before they can give the science team the mission they are looking for. However the next few months are going to be busy months for both Juno’s mission and science teams who are going to perform the final testing on the subsystems of the spacecraft; final calibration of science instruments and on some science collections.

Juno’s Mission

The main principal of Juno is to understand the origin and progress of Jupiter. Juno will further investigate the existence of a rigid planetary core, map Jupiter's deep magnetic field with the help of its suite of nine science instruments. These instruments help to measure the amount of water and ammonia in the deep atmosphere, and watch the planet's auroras. This mission will also help the NASA to take a giant step forward in understanding how the giant planets form and play the role in putting together the rest of the solar system.

Launching of Juno

The Juno spacecraft was launched on Aug 5, 2011 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida.  NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory manages the Juno mission. Lockheed Martin Space Systems in Denver built the spacecraft; Juno is part of NASA's New Frontiers Program, managed at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, for the Science Mission Directorate agency. The California Institute of Technology in Pasadena manages JPL for NASA.


Britain Leaving the EU

What does Brexit mean?

The word which has started a revolution — Brexit is also a short way of saying the UK leaving the EU.  Merging the words Britain and Exit to get Brexit; the same way as a possible Greek Exit from the Euro was dubbed as Grexit in the past.

Why is Britain leaving the European Union?

The referendum – a vote in which everyone or nearly all of the voting age can take part was held on June 23 to decide whether the UK should remain with the European Union or to leave it.

Brexit Poll

The Situation

A voter who supported the split was won by 52% and to stay with 48%, while the referendum turnout was 71.9Z% with more than 30 million people voting.  After a bitter ten week campaign that uncovered anxieties about the globalization has raised many questions about the consequences for a united Europe; these votes has jolted the financial markets by sending the U.K currency on the prospect of years and for the uncertainty about how Brexit will work; this turbulence is expected to crimp the global economic growth. However, Britain will have few years to settle the terms of its severance once it takes the legal proceedings to leave the bloc.  The younger voters and populace of cosmopolitan London voted devastatingly to stay in the EU; so happened in Scotland, which is looking the way for a second referendum on breaking away from the U.K.

The Background

The most awaited wait for the U.K. for last sixteen years to bond with the European Economic Community after it was formed in the year 1957 was immediately argued out by some people that it should pull out.  The Prime Minister John Major’s government was almost fallen in 1993 when few of his party’s lawmakers designated against him over the signing of the Maastricht Treaty, which has grown the cooperation and created the EU, while this bloc kept Britain from adopting the single currency when this was launched in 1999 and added 8 more eastern European countries in 2004, triggering a sign of immigration that stressed public services.

The Argument

Brexit campaigners used doubts about the immigration to create a populist reaction against Europe's political elite, to overcome the concerns about the fallout on jobs, trade and the economy. This fallout that the EU is morphing into will increasingly affect the national sovereignty. The U.K. has worldwide wallop without the bloc, and says that they can talk better trade treaties on their own. The question that arises here is whether the U.K. can strike a Brexit deal with Europe which gives its control over immigration and also retains access to the EU's tariff. The economic backbone of the world's largest trading bloc will be at risk that global companies may cut the investments or leave the U.K.


Scientists discover a new species of Octopod near Hawaii

Scientists spotted a small delicate looking and a "spooky" octopod. It was discovered by the Deep Discoverer in the deep waters off Hawaii, but could this curious creature an entirely a new species.

The scientists from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has spotted this remarkable little octopod which is a semi-transparent white color while gathering the geological samples with a Remote Operated Vehicle — ROV on Necker Ridge in the Hawaiian Archipelago.

The appearance of this species was unlike any published records and the deepest observation ever for this type of octopus, and the class of mollusks, octopuses, squid, and others belong to National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration — NOAA.

The obvious new species is an Incirrata octopod lacks fins and cirri which mean finger-like parts linked with suckers on its arms. However, it resembles the common octopus that lives in shallower water.

But, what makes this creature unusual from its family; is that it had suckers in one, rather than two, series on each tentacle and with a very distinctive color: Unlike most cephalopods, it lacks pigment cells.

If you closely see, this resulted in a ghostlike appearance; you can also call it as a Casper, a friendly cartoon ghost.

While it was found at a depth of over 14,000 feet, it appears to be the first Incirrata discovered that far down on the sea floor. This octopod is certainly an unusual species that may not belong to any described genus, as per the agency. The scientists were surprised seeing this unusual species as it was spotted sitting on a flat dusted rock with a light coat of silt.


8/26 – Women’s Equality Day

According to the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution; Women in the United States were given the right to vote nationally on August 18, 1920, but why is Woman’s Equality Day celebrated on August 26th each year; is what we have to know?

While the first amendment was initially introduced many years earlier in 1878; and every president has published a proclamation for Women’s Equality Day since 1971 this is the time when legislation was first introduced in Congress by Bella Abzug, this resolution was passed designating August 26 of each year as Women’s Equality Day.

The Women rights

The Women rights are the rights and entitlements claimed for women and girls of many societies Worldwide. In some countries and places, these rights are institutional and supported by local customs, law, and behaviors; whereas in some places they are ignored or suppressed. Again they differ from broader notions of human rights through claims of an inherent historical and customary bias against the exercise of rights by girls and women in favor of boys and men.

The issues that are commonly linked with notions of women's rights include, while they are not limited to the rights— to forcibly integrity and independent, to own property, to vote, to work and hold public office, fair wages or equal pay; to education; to serve in the military; to enter into legal contracts; and to have marital or parental rights.

Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby

While the simple answer to know why the Woman’s Equality Day is celebrated on August 26th each year is just because of a constitutional amendment is ratified. It’s not official until it is totally certified by the correct government official. In the year 1920, the official who was dealing was Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby. Colby signed a proclamation on August 26, 1920, behind the closed doors at 8 a.m. at his own house in Washington, D.C, ending a move violently for the vote that started a century earlier.

History behind this Date

The United Nations Charter

The United Nations Charter plays a major role for women's rights; as it was the first international agreement to assert the equality between women and men. Since then, the Unites Nations has been an important advocate for the rights of women, adopting an international bill of rights for women in 1979 and sponsoring four global women's gatherings and conferences. The Millennium Development Goals, which all nations agreed at the UN in 2000, sets tangible goals for nations to be achieved by 2015. However, several of which deal directly for empowering women.

Full text of Resolution

Full text of Resolution - Women’s Equality Day

The joint Resolution of Congress has published a proclamation for Women’s Equality Day since 1971. This resolution then passed designating August 26 of each year as Women's Equality Day. While, the women of the United States have been treated as second-class citizens and have not been included for the full rights and privileges, participation in public or private was not authorized, legal or institutional rights are only available for male citizens of the United States.

However, the women of the United States have united to promise that these rights and privileges are available to all citizens equally regardless of sex. But, the women of the United States have won the designation on August 26, and it was declared as the anniversary date of the passage of the 19th Amendment, and the symbol of the continued fight for equal rights.

The Senate and House Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled and passed that August 26 of each year is designated as "Women's Equality Day," and then President is requested to authorize and issue a proclamation annually in commemoration of that day in 1920, this is the day on which the women of America were first given the right to vote, and day in 1970 on which a nationwide demonstration for women's rights took place.

Happy Women's Equality Day