Moon and Mars

The June solstice is the Summer Solstice in the Northern Hemisphere and the Winter Solstice in the Southern Hemisphere. The dates vary between June 20 and June 22, depending on the time zone and the year you are in.  June Solstice in India is on from Tuesday, June 21, 2016. The June Solstice in Universal Coordinated Time is on from Monday, June 20, 2016.

Mars & Moon

June 16, 2016, today you can see the bright waxing gibbous moon soon after the sunset. As dusk gives way to darkness, look for the red planet to pop out in the moon’s surrounding area. As Mars shines so brightly in Earth’s sky in June 2016, and we expect this world to withstand tonight’s drenching moonlight and to be a spectacular sight near the moon.

As nightfall, watch for the planet Saturn and the star Antares to join up with the moon along with the Mars on this moonlit night. Both Antares and Saturn are respectably brighter but neither can come close to beat the brilliance of Mars. Look for Mars to surpass Saturn, and for Saturn to outshine Antares, the brightest star in the group Scorpius the Scorpion. At present, Mars shines 5 times more vibrantly than Saturn, and about 12 times more brightly than Antares.

As we all know that Mars and Saturn are planets, and so the worlds shine by reflecting the light of the Sun. Antares, on the other hand, is a star that shines by its own light. Both Mars and Saturn are the planets that shine so reflected than sunlight. As seen in Earth’s sky, the brightness of the fourth planet Mars, outwards from the Sun and varies much more greatly than the brightness of Saturn. However, that’s not an intrinsic difference in Mars’ brightness; but it’s the distance difference of the Mars’ from us, and also something called opposition surge.  Mars distant point from Earth lies some seven times farther away than at its closest; and at its brightest, Mars shines 50 times more brightly in our sky than it does at its faintest.

Saturn, the utmost world that we can easily see without any help eye, lies only about 1.5 times more distant from Earth at its extreme point than at its closest point. It the brightest and is about five times brighter than at its faintest.

Saturn’s brightness is not only determined by its distance, but also by the angle of tilt and its highly insightful rings with respect to Earth. Saturn’s greatest brilliancy in our sky happens when Saturn is contiguous to Earth and its rings are maximally tilted our way. This was last happened during the opposition of December 31, 2003, and will next happen at the opposition of December 24, 2032.

The Jupiter’s difference in brightness is less than that of either Mars or Saturn. Jupiter is about three and one-half times brighter at its brightest than at its faintest.

On June 16, 2016, use the moon to find Mars, whose difference in brightness far exceeds that of any other bright planet orbiting the sun outside Earth’s orbit. In addition to Mars, the other two bright superior planets are going to be Saturn and Jupiter.

Button line: Being the best brain kids knowing this information not only help you to grab the knowledge about our planets and their moments; but also makes you learn about new and exciting things every time. So friends go and enjoy watching the bright red planet near the moon on June 16, 2016.



How to Make Ice Cream in a Bag

It’s a dessert that everyone wants to have anytime and can be a science project! It’s way cool fun for kids. Love ice cream? Do u want to make homemade ice cream that is delicious and surprisingly easy to make. Then come let us learn how you can make ice cream in a reseal able plastic bag with ingredients already in your kitchen. Avoid expensive, unnecessary equipments and follow these simple steps to make your own ice cream in minutes any time you have a craving.

Making of Ice Cream in a Bag

This no-cook recipe for vanilla ice cream makes about eight cup servings.

  • 2- 3 cups milk
  • 1/2 cup white sugar
  • 2 cups heavy whipping cream                           
  • 2 cups half-and-half cream
  • 2 teaspoons vanilla extract
  • 1 bag crushed ice
  • 4 cups coarse salt

Get Started

For each kid you will need; 2 pint-size Zip-loc bag, a 1 gallon size Zip-loc freezer bag; and a hand towel or gloves to keep fingers from freezing.

Take a pitcher or a large measuring cup; stir the whipping cream, half-and-half, sugar, and vanilla extract until sugar has dissolved.

Now pour about 1/2 cup of mixture into a pint-size Zip-loc bag and seal carefully, avoid as much air as you can by squeezing out extra air.  Put the first sealed bag into a second pint-size Zip-loc bag, and seal it carefully.

Once you seal both the bags keep them aside and fill each gallon-size Zip-loc bag with about halfway with ice and add 1/2 cup coarse salt. After adding the saly you can place one sealed small bag into this large bag and seal it. You have to always make sure that there is no air in any bag before you seal it. Do not forget t wear mittens or thick gloves, while wrapping the bags in a towel to protect hands against the extreme cold.

Shake it!

Add little fun to your ice making; now it’s time to shake and massage the sealed bag for about 6 minutes until mixture thickens into ice cream. Once you start noticing that the mixture is getting thicker by simply feeling through the bag. In nine to ten minutes max, you should have delicious ice-cream. But, it will take a longer time if you are mixing a large batch.

You can add more salt and ice to the outer bag if you don’t see your ice cream hasn’t formed in 10 minutes of continuous motion.

Carefully remove the outer Zip-loc bag, so you don’t get any of the salty ice on your ice cream.

OK, so now your arms might be aching, but that just means you’ve got a great workout and really earned the delicious ice cream you’re about to eat!

Safety Tips

While making your favorite ice cream your hands be freeze as this process creates temperatures well below normal freezing; so be cautious and protect your hands with thick gloves or a towel while shaking the mixture into ice cream.

Beyond Vanilla

You can customize your ice cream by adding crushed cookies, syrups, bit of fruits, colorful candies, and many more. Try the same process by adding different flavors.

Enjoy ice cream making!!!!


Insects are invertebrates with three pair of legs, two pairs of wings, one pair of antenna, jointed appendages, and three distinct body regions like head, thorax, & abdomen. These insects belong to the largest phylum of animals identified as arthropods. Many small arthropods like spiders, millipedes, ticks, and centipedes are mistaken as insects. Though some insects may tingle or bite, insects play a significant role in nature and can be a food source for other animals and plant pollinators.

Want to have a break from gadgets, screens, and electronics? Then insect collecting is a great way to be closer to nature; which helps you to learn more things about it, and while getting into this you will also learn about the structural modifications of various insects that have enabled them to stay alive and become such a diverse group of animals.

Before you get into this activity, one should know how to capture, grow, kill, and label the insect. This not only gives you the enjoyment of owning an insect but also makes you learn a lot of things studying about the insects in his collection, and you can discover many new species by collecting. Since, it is tough to identify a specimen just by looking at it, but using the right technique you can collect as many as you can and also preserve them. If you do not wish to own an insect collection, you can still like to learn about the diverse insects around the world right. 

It is very important to get high-quality equipment, which includes insect nets, butterfly nets, entomological pins, Riker mounts and display cases, killing jars, glassine envelopes, spreading boards, equipment bags, and more before you start catching your favorite insects.

Where to Find

Insect collection is the very easy task and the key to getting different insects is to collect them in different habitats at different times of a day. But you have to remember that some insects only come out at nights.  There is no need of going here and there to catch them, as you can find many in your own backyards. In particular, you can look for plants with lots of aphids or other pests, as some of the plants may also have greedy insects. Search in the grassy fields or near lights at night. The rotting logs, under stones, beneath soil and plant debris are usually goldmines of insects. Remember always to collects adult insects in good condition to receive credit. As you collect insects, remember to record the name of the insect with a good description, the date you collected them, and the place each insect was collected from. Use different kill jars for each insect.

Killing Insects

When collecting stinging insects, remember to invert the net once the insect is caught allow the insect to crawl to the tapered end of the net. Then carefully grasp the net above this tapered end; open the kill jar and put the tapered end of the net with the insect inside the jar. Lay the lid and make sure that the insect is knocked out. Remove the lid and lift out the net with the unconscious insect. Turn back the net and shake the insect into a jar and replace the lid  until the insect is died.

Growing Insects

You can pin medium to large insects, and to do so you will find entomological pins which can be purchased from biological supply companies. These entomological pins range in size from 000 to 7, with 7 being the largest. The commonly used sizes are 2 or 3. Entomological pins are made of lacquered, tempered spring steel with approximately 3.5 cm in length and range two to five cents each in price.

Most of the time the pin is inserted in the center of the thorax, but for beetles, the pin should be inserted in the middle of the right elytron which is wing sheath. But for insects too small to pin, you need to use points. The points are simply slender triangles of thick paper to which an insect is glued to the thin end and a pin is inserted through the wide end. A diagram showing how to mount insects can be seen above.

Labeling your Insects

After preserving your favorite insects they need to be properly labeled; if they lack proper collection data then they will miss the scientific value. Labels may be hand-written with alcohol proof ink, such as India ink or printed with a laser printer. Printed labels are much easier to read than hand-written labels and can stay for longer.

If you are allergic, then stay away from this interest and pursue other. When you lose interest in bug collection then you can donate it to a museum so that your collection can be preserved for others to learn from for many decades. Entomologist supply houses carry a wide range of items necessary to the insect collector.



Ramadan also known as Ramzan or Ramadhan is the holy month of the Islamic calendar. It is a period of fasting, charity-giving, prayers and self-accountability for Muslims.  Fasting is the one of the five fundamental principles of Islam; each day during this holy month, the followers of Islam, known as Muslims, do not eat or drink from sunrise to sunset.  They break their fasts by sharing meals with family and friends. The end of Ramzan is celebrated with a three-day festival known as Id al-Fitr which is considered one of Islam’s major holidays.  The first verses of their holy book known as Koran or Qu'ran were revealed to the Prophet Muhammad was also written as Mohammad or Muhammed during the last third of Ramadan, making this an especially holy period.


After Christianity, Islam is the world’s second largest religion with more than 2 billion followers. Islam is originated from Arabia but has spread all over the world. Countries with the largest Muslim populations include Pakistan, Bangladesh, Egypt, Turkey, Iran, Indonesia, and Nigeria.  There is estimation that more than 7 million Muslims are in America, along with Islamic places of worship, called mosques, in all 50 states.

Muslims believe that around 610 A.D. a man named Muhammad (c.570-632) from the city of Mecca started receiving revelations from God, or Allah, via the angel Gabriel. These revelations were collected from the holy book Quran; 114-chapter. Muhammad is said to be the last prophet in a line of Islamic prophets (including Adam, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus) who were chosen by God as messengers to teach the mankind. Muslims believe that there is one, all-knowing God, and people can attain salvation by following his commandments. In Arabic, Islam means “submission” or “surrender” (to God).

Do You Know?

The America's first mosque was built by Lebanese immigrants in North Dakota in the 1920s. Later the mosque was torn down in the 1970s and replaced. It is the oldest surviving mosque in the United States and was constructed in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, in the 1930s.

What Do People Do?

Ramadan is the holy month of fasting for many Muslims, and fasting during Ramadan is one of the Five Pillars (fundamental religious duties) of Islam. During this one month, people of Islamic faith are encouraged to read the entire Qur'an the holy book. However, some Muslims narrate the entire Qur'an by the end of Ramadan through special prayers known as Tarawih, which is held in mosques every night of this Ramadan month. People of Islam also believe that acts of charity will also help them to be closer to their God. Some Islamic centers and organizations actively take part in charity events and activities such as giving basic necessities, including food and clothing, to the homeless or donating school equipment to schools. Some schools of Islamic faith hold special events for students to welcome Ramadan.

Public Life

During this holy month, many Islamic businesses and organizations may adjust their opening hours to suit prayer times during Ramadan in the United States. There may also be some blocking around mosques during the prayer times, mostly in the evenings.

Happy Ramadan!! 




What Does D-in-Day Mean?

The terms D-Day and H-Hour are used for the day and hour on which a battle or operation is to be initiated.  These terms are designated for day and hour for an operation when the actual day and hour have not yet been determined or announced. When used in combination with figures and plus or minus signs, these terms indicate the length of time prior or following a specific action. Thus, H-3 means 3 hours before H-hour, and D+3 means 3 days after D-day. H+75 minutes means H-hour plus 1 hour and 15 minutes.

As per the United States Army's Center of Military History, the initially known use of these terms is in Field Order Number 9, First Army, and American Expeditionary Forces. It is actually dated September 7, 1918: "The first Army will attack at H hour on D day with the object of forcing the migration of the St. Mihiel Salient." D-Day for the invasion of Normandy was set for June 5, 1944, but it actually occurred on June 6. Thus, D-Day, as it applies to Overlord, is June 6, 1944.


The Operation Overload

It is hard to imagine the epic scope of this vital battle that shadowed out the dream of Hitler’s Nazi domination.  On June 6, 1944, more than 160,000 Allied troops landed along with a 50- mile stretch of heavily- prepared French coastline, to fight the Nazi domination on the beaches of Normandy, France. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower called this battle a cause in which, “we will accept nothing less than full victory."

More than 5,000 Ships and 13,000 aircraft supported the D-Day attack, and by day’s end, the Allies gained a foot-hold in Continental Europe. The cost in lives on D-Day was very high as 9,000 and more Allied Soldiers were killed and wounded, but their sacrifice allowed 100,000 more Soldiers to begin the slow, hard plod across Europe, to defeat Adolf Hitler’s crack troops. But the battle for Normandy was far from over.

Return to Normandy

Twenty days into the operational overload the Allies had advanced only a dozen miles inland. But by July, the getaway from Normandy had begun. Troops fought the battle among the fields and captured St. Lo; by month’s end, the troops were at the edge of Brittany. By August, Brittany was in Allied hands, and it was on to Paris, which was liberated on Aug. 25. However, the Allied advance suffered a hold-up in the Netherlands during Operation Market Garden and caught up in December at the legendary Battle of the Bulge.

On March 7, 1945, the U.S. 9th Armored Division captured the bridge at Remagen, Germany, and by that month’s end all of the Rhine was in Allied hands, then the march across Germany had begun. Just a little more than eleven months later on May 9, 1945, after the D-Day, the Nazis surrendered.

Now, seven decades later, renowned by still-thankful French residents, the D-Day veterans, along with their families and friends, and with tourists will go to the invasion beaches of Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno and Sword to commemorate the Allies’ efforts and sacrifices.

The D-Day Invasion

D-Day in the United States is observed in memory of the Normandy landings in France on June 6, 1944, the battle in which American soldiers and other Allied forces fought to end World War II in Europe.

Public Life

The D-Day is an observance and not a federal holiday in the United States.

What Do People Do?

On this day, people visit to some museums and war memorials which host exhibitions featuring photos and film as an honor to soldiers who were part of the Normandy landings. D-Day memorials and ceremonies are also held to memorize these soldiers.

The first assault groups to land on D-Day at Omaha Beach was the Company E, 16th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division.; Center for Military History, U.S. Army. U.S. Army.



Combining Play with Plants

Research says that adults and children benefit mentally and physically when they are connected with the natural environment. Although it's tempting to buy plastic swing sets and set them in the center of your lawn, but it may not be as beneficial for your children in the long run as play areas with plants will block the outdoor place; and when they really want to enjoy their play out the door. Thus, the joy that brings with cheerful sunflowers and those that attract butterflies will be unforgettable.

What does the term ‘family garden’ mean to you? Is it just putting lots of colorful plastic sandboxes with flowering plants in a bald lawn or doing more? Let’s see what can plant and how we can create a family garden; here are few tips for you to create a wonderful family garden.

Grow Green

Plan for growing fruit and vegetables as it allows you to take a real interest in gardening; sowing seeds and watching your plants grow gives you a real sense of achievement. You can plant fruits and vegetables in plastic pots or on the ground also, as it depends on the space you have. For this getting the plastic sandboxes often become week as your plant grows, but one made from a raised bed can be converted into a small vegetable plot, and it will be the perfect size for your hands to tend their first crops.

Simple Swings

If you have a lot of place with huge trees in your garden, then make a simple swing from a thick rope attached securely to a strong tree branch then tie an old tire to it to make a traditional swing or get a ready to tie one that is made of wood. Make sure to check that it will hold you good when you are swinging on it yourself first. The other important thing is that you do it in Adult supervision, which is always advisable when small children are using any type of play equipment.

Aquatic Homes

You can drown in just a few inches of water, so you need to be a bit careful and wait until you are old enough to appreciate the dangers before installing a water feature. Make sure to protect your younger siblings, to do so; fit a custom-made metal grill over the water surface and make sure it will take the weight of the child, should he or she fall.

To make your pool interesting, you can wrap planting around your pond as it will help you to create shelter for wildlife, such as birds, frogs and toads.

Wildlife Haven

Once your pond is all set, make sure that the sides are sloped as birds and small animals will visit to drink or bathe, and many other creatures can also become permanent residents; so if the edges of your pond is sloped it will help them to get out easily when they fall in, and plants around the sides will provide them with cover and habitats. You can see frogs and toads drawn to your pond and in spring, they will fill the water with spawn. You can look other creatures like water beetles, newts, pond skaters, water snails, damselflies, and dragonflies.

Plots for Pets

Sharing your garden with your loved pets can be a fun and fulfilling experience, to make your pet happy and enjoy the place; cater their needs, as well as your own, so that you all can live happily together in the same plot.

Dogs that have free control of the garden can create problems if they aren't trained well. To avoid such problems set sideways in a quiet area with a shed, for your dog to use as a toilet. This will help your dog to adjust in that place and in few weeks, and treats for good behavior, so he or she will only go there. Raised beds with edged borders and low hedging will also help put off your dog from rampaging through your favorite flowers.

Kitty Treat

Cats aren't as easily trained as dogs, especially with their toilet habits. You need to encourage them to use a litter box placed in place and put off them from using the borders by inserting short pieces of cane or stakes in the areas where they are expected to scratch. Cats like bare soil and mulch, so these are the areas you need to concentrate on.

To treat your cats, you can plant catmint (Nepeta) as cats adore the scent of these plants as they love to roll around in it. These plants can help you to set aside a bed for this pretty plant.

Not only the discussed things, but you can add many more interesting things to your garden. Search what all you can get for your garden when you shopping this time. Enjoy Gardening as this activity will help you grow, and make you learn many things.

Happy Gardening!!!



Our favorite day is just 10 days away and we will be enjoying having delicious donuts on June 3, 2016, as it’s going to be the National Doughnuts Day again.

Every year the first Friday of June is celebrated the National Doughnut or Donut Day in the Unites States.  This day is a continuation of Doughnut Day in 1938 when members of the Salvation Army “Lassies”, the women who served doughnuts and coffee to soldiers during the World War I.

In 1917, the original “Salvation Army Doughnut” was first served by the ladies of the Salvation Army to cheer up the soldiers who were risking their lives and limbs during the war. Home cooked foods, provided by these brave volunteers, were a morale boost to the soldiers. At home, this day became as a fund-raiser for Chicago’s Salvation Army, and the goal of their 1938 fund-raiser was to help the needy during the Great Depression on the battlefield. This tradition of serving donuts to raise funds for the organization is still alive in many parts of the United States. The Salvation Army is a Christian Charitable Organizations that works for the poor and the hungry; it was founded in London in 1865.

Doughnut or Donut

A doughnut or donut is a type of fried dough confectionery or dessert food. Donuts are popular in many countries today and prepared in various forms as a sweet snack that can be homemade or purchased in bakeries, supermarkets, food stalls, and franchised specialty outlets. The donuts are usually deep-fried in oil from flour dough and then shaped in rings or flattened spheres and sometimes you can fill your favorite fillings with various toppings and flavorings can be used for different types of doughnuts.

The most common types of donuts are toroidal ring doughnuts and the filled doughnuts. To make your doughnut more delicious flattened the sphere and then inject it with any of your favorite fruit preserves, chocolate, cream, custard, or other sweet fillings. Doughnut varieties are also divided into cake and risen type doughnuts.


On this day, many doughnut stores in the United States offer free doughnuts to their customers.

Thinking How to Celebrate?

  • Celebrate the spirit of charity that gave rise to this holiday by volunteering for the local Salvation Army chapter or another non-profit organization that works with the armed forces.
  • Visit your local doughnut store to treat yourself to some of these delicious snacks. Many doughnut stores around the world offer free doughnuts to celebrate Doughnut Day.
  • Make doughnuts at home and share them with family, friends, and co-workers.

Did You Know?

The food historians believe that the doughnut came to the United States via Dutch immigrants in the 19th century?

Celebrate the day by enjoying your favorite doughnuts.

Happy Donuts Day!!!



The famous elephant acts that have been part of Barnum & Bailey and Ringling Bros Circus shows for more than a century now will end in this May, the circus’ parent company said on Monday, earlier than their previously announced retirement. Last March, Feld Entertainment said the 13 Asian elephants used in its traveling shows would be phased out by 2018.

The iconic elephants of both the circus shows will parade into a Rhode Island arena for their final performance on Sunday, starting with their ever ending classic feature of "The Greatest Show on Earth" to began in the "big top" circus tents 145 years ago.

The last act of the giant pachyderms would follow decades of protest by animal welfare activists claiming the methods used to train the elephants and home them are very unkind. Ringling bowed to the demands as state and local rules cited more precincts on the circus' use of exotic animals and the bull hook trainers use to manage the animals.

"It’s going to be an end of a long era and an overdue policy," said Wayne Pacelle, president of the Humane Society of the United States.

More than 10 million people are predictable to attend the Ringling events each year, according to Alana Feld, Ringling's executive vice president and show creator. Our last featuring the two touring elephant groups will take place in Wilkes-Barre, Pa., and Providence, R.I. on Sunday. Ringling will live to stream the final performance in Providence on Facebook Live and

There is going to be a mix of emotions around the performances. A lot of people are coming to see the elephants for the last time and it’s going to be the best performers and everyone traveling with them is a big change," said Feld.

The circus is going to retire so early with this move, and the 11 remaining Asian elephants that range in age from six- old April to 48-year old Asia are traveling together in troupes to perform their final shot.

When the curtain closes down, these elephants will take one last trip in a truck and a train to Ringling's 200-acre Center for Elephant Conservation in central Florida, where they will join 29 of their compatriots in the largest group of Asian elephants in the Western Hemisphere.

The former stage performers will roam there, hang out and play with a variety of toys, balls and even huge truck tires leftover from Feld Entertainment's Monster Jam events. As an additional ball, the center is building two new pools for the water-loving elephants, which already use 80 gallons of water a day for drinking and to have even more splash time.

The elephants are also getting involved in some more serious works like; the search for treatments to cure pediatric cancer. As these huge animals rarely develop cancer, the researchers still want to find out why so they are using the elephant center's to study about the cancer-fighting gene tangled in their DNA.

Ringling Brothers are planning to phase out its elephants by 2018, the company already made all the plans and prepared to move the animals, ensuring the center's services were ready to home and care the extra elephants, much sooner than probable. The cost to care each elephant withstand up to 10 feet tall, weigh up to 11,000 pounds and they eat up to 300 pounds of food a day, and this is costing them around $65,000 amounts annually.

The animal rights centers largely praised Ringling's decision to retire its elephants, again with mixed criticism, as some say the move doesn't go far as much as necessary and want the circus to eliminate other animals in its acts, including lions and tigers.

However, taking the elephants out of the shows is only the first step," said Rachel Mathews, PETA Foundation Capital Animal Law Enforcement counsel.  The decision to end the use of elephants in the circus by Ringling is a tipping point in the debate over the use of animals in live entertainment," he said. "The use of wild animal acts is not only cruel, it’s outdated, and more and more customers understand that."Ringling is the big brand to give up on the use of elephants in traveling acts, and I think it will just be a matter of time before all of it ends," Pacelle said.

While the elephants are no longer going to take part in Ringling's performances, “with a tagline the show must go on”. The company is planning to launch a new production said Feld, which is unlike anything it's done before and taking audiences into space for the first time.



The bison joined the bald eagle, the national emblem since 1782, as America’s symbolic animal, in an effort to prevent it from going extinct.

The President of America Obama has signed the legislation honoring the American bison, also known as the buffalo, is going to be the country’s first national mammal on Monday. In nature, physique, and symbolism, it is hard to visualize a creature more spartanly diverse from the bald eagle, which has been our national animal since 1782. (The new law does not affect the eagle’s status.) The designation aim is to prevent the nearly half a million North American bison,”from being extent and to recognize the bison’s cultural, ecological, historical, and economic importance to the United states”, according to Cristian Samper, President, and CEO of the wildlife Conservation Society.

A raptor known for its sharp-like talons and visual insight, the eagle has served as the imperial standard of the Roman legions, the Convoluted Empire, the Spanish Army, and many other forces. Not so the bison, North America’s largest land mammal, which weighs equal to a ton. This class includes two variants: the wood bison (Bison bison Athabasca) and the plains bison (Bison bison bison). The bison usually spends its early mornings munching tender grasses, which it swallows almost without chewing and regurgitate its leisure hours. One can easily know a bison’s mood from its tail. Its mood is usually, but not always, easygoing. A bison can run thirty-five miles per hour, as fast as a galloping horse. By identifying America with the bison, in addition to the eagle, the legislation may be viewed as having extended and complex our national self-image, to cover not just the viewpoint of the powerful makers of history and also those who are its unfortunate bystanders.

American bison wasn’t one time on the edge of extinction. In the 1500s, about thirty million bison are said to have roamed in North America, but by the late 1800s, the numbers dropped to less than thousand, likely due to the climate change and human actions. Riding horses made it easier for humans to chase them all through the 1700s, until they started starving to death.

While in the late 19th century, some ranchers rounded up the left survivors to start small herds the Parks Service traces the commencement of a “concerted national effort” to protect the species to Dec. 8, 1905, the American Bison Society was formed by 16 people—with Theodore Roosevelt and William Hornaday, who was the first director of the New York Zoological Park (now known as the Bronx Zoo). In this commencement, 15 captive-bred bisons were moved from the Bronx Zoo to the Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge, the oldest managed wildlife facility in the U.S. Fish and Wildlife system.

However, inconsistently, it was not just a wish to keep bison alive that finally banned their extinction.



Many people in this world have changed the way we think and live, with their inventions and effort. They are our scientists; the list is huge as there are many famous scientists in history. If the roster of all such scientists were to be compiled, the list would never be ending. Hence, a limited number has been taken into thought here. These great personalities were masters in their respective fields, and their astonishing work has changed the course of history and the way things were done. We'll have a look at some of the top scientists in history the world has ever seen.

Famous Scientists' List

We may know most of these names while we may not have heard of many of them either. There is no doubt that these are some of the best scientists the world has ever produced, and the contribution they gave to mankind is nothing less than amazing. We will have a look at a list of some of the famous in the business, along with a little information about their respective achievements.

The world will always be grateful to these great individuals, who with their outstanding contribution contributed to mankind in a way that will never be forgotten. The list goes on, as there are so many other great scientists that are worth a mention and their works and contribution to this world are simply unique.