Winter Solstice - 2016

Winter or hibernal solstice is an astronomical occurrence marking the shortest day and the longest night of the year. You know this as the December solstice in the Northern Hemisphere and the June Solstice in the Southern Hemisphere (also known as the Winter Solstice).

This happens when the axial tilt of Earth and gyroscopic affects its every day rotation,which means that the two opposite points in the sky to which the Earth's axis of rotation points to its axial precession and changes very slowly making a complete roundabout every twenty six years. As the Earth follows its orbit around the Sun (the polar hemisphere that faces away from the Sun)experiences winter.  In half a year it will then face towards the Sun and experience summer. This is because the two hemispheres face opposite directions along Earth's axis, and so as one polar hemisphere experiences winter, the other experiences summer. The winter solstice is considered by some to mark the end of autumn and the start of winter.

More apparent from high latitude, a hemisphere's winter solstice occurs on the shortest day and longest night of the year which is when the sun's daily maximum elevation in the sky is at its lowest. The winter solstice itself lasts only a moment in time, so other terms are used for the day on which it occurs, such as "midwinter", or the "shortest day". It is often considered the "extreme of winter" Dongzhi in the Chinese calendar. In meteorology, winter in the Northern Hemisphere spans the entire period of December through February. The seasonal consequence of the winter solstice is in the turnaround of the gradual expansion of nights and restriction of days.  The earliest sunset and latest sunrise dates differ from winter solsticehowever, and these depend on latitudedue to the difference in the solar day throughout the year caused by the Earth's elliptical orbit to see earliest and latest sunrise and sunset.

Worldwideinterpretation of the event has varied across cultures, but many have held recognition of rebirth which involves holidays, festivals, gatherings, rituals or other celebrations around that time.

The solstice may have been anextraordinary moment of the annual cycle for some cultures even during the Neolithic times, thesowing of crops and the monitoring of winter reserves of food which many cultural mythologies and customs are derived. This is attested by physical remains in the layouts of late Neolithic and Bronze Age archaeological sites such as Stonehenge in England and Newgrange in Ireland. The main axes of both of these monuments seem to have been carefully aligned on a sight-line pointing to the winter solstice sunrise Newgrange and the winter solstice sunset Stonehenge. It is significant that at Stonehenge the Great Trinitron was erected outwards from the middle of the memorial, i.e. its flat face was bowed towards the midwinter Sun. The winter solstice was hugelysignificant because the people were reasonably dependent on monitoring the progress of the seasons. Starvation was common during the first months of the winter (January to April in the northern hemisphere or July to October in thesouthern hemisphere), also known as "the famine months". In moderate climates, the midwinter festival was the last feast partybefore deep winters began. The majority ofthe cattle were slaughtered so they would not have to be fed during the winter, making  it almost the only time of year when a plentiful supply of fresh meat was available. The majority of wine and beer made during the year was finally fermented and ready for drinking at this time. The attentiveness of the observances were not always on the day commencing at midnight or at dawn, but at the beginning of the pagan day, which in many cultures fell on the previous eve.Since the event was seen as the reversal of the Sun's ebbing presence in the sky, the concept of the birth or renaissance of sun gods have been common and, in cultures which used cyclic calendars based on the winter solstice, the "year as reborn" was celebrated with reference to life-death-rebirth deities or "new beginnings" such as Hogmanay's Redding, a New Year oftraditions. In addition "reversal" is another frequent subject, as in Saturnalia's slave and master reversals.


Rosetta Spacecraft Mission Ends

The Rosetta is a spacecraft built by the European Agency. It was launched on March 2, 2004.  Along with Philae, its Lander performed a detailed study of comet 67P- Churyumov Gerasimenko (67P). During its journey to the comet, it flew by Mars and the asteroids 21 Lutetia and 2867 Steins.

The spacecraft reached the comet on August 6, 2014, and performed a sequence of maneuvers to be captured in its path. While on November 12, its Lander section Philae performed was the first successful landing on a comet, although its battery power was low and ran out two days later. However the communications with Philae were briefly restored in June and July 2015, but due to diminishing solar power, Rosetta's communications module with the Lander was turned off on July 27, 2016. On September 30, 2016 the Rosetta finished its mission by landing on the comet in its Ma'at region.

The probe is named after the Rosetta Stone, a stele of Egyptian source featuring a declaration in three scripts. While the Lander was named after the Philae obelisk, that bears a bilingual Greek and Egyptian hieroglyphic inscription.

The Mission

Rosetta Spacecraft Mission Ends

Rosetta was launched on March 2, 2004, from the Guiana Space Centre in French Guiana on an Ariane 5 rocket and it successfully landed on Comet Churyumov–Gerasimenko on August 6, 2014; which became the primary spacecraft to orbit a comet. There were many missions conducted successful flybys of seven other comets, but this was the one of ESA's Horizon 2000 keystone missions. This spacecraft consisted of the Rosetta orbiter, which featured 12 instruments, and a Philae Lander, with nine added instruments. The Rosetta mission orbited Comet Churyumov–Gerasimenko for seventeen months and was designed to complete the most thorough study of a comet ever attempted. This spacecraft was controlled by the European Space Operations Centre (ESOC), in Darmstadt, Germany. The planning for the mission of the scientific payload, jointly with the data recovery, calibration, archiving and sharing, was also performed by the European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), in Villanueva de la Cañada, near Madrid, Spain. It was estimated that in the decade proceeding of 2014, around 2,000 people assisted in this mission in some capacity.

While in 2007, the Rosetta made a Mars gravity assist (flyby) on its way to Comet Churyumov–Gerasimenko, and also performed two asteroid flybys. The craft finished its flyby of asteroid 2867 Steins in September 2008 and 21 Lutetia in July 2010. Later on January 20, 2014, Rosetta was taken out from the 31-month hibernation mode as it approached Comet Churyumov–Gerasimenko.

Rosetta's Philae Lander effectively made its first soft landing on a comet nucleus when it touched down on Comet Churyumov–Gerasimenko on November 12, 2014. On September 5, 2016, ESA announced that the Lander was exposed by the narrow-angle camera onboard Rosetta as the orbiter made a low, 2.7 km (1.7 mi) to pass over the comet; and the Lander sits on its surface wedged into a dark gap of the comet, clearing up the require of electrical power to set up proper communication with the orbiter.


During the 1986 approach of Halley's Comet, many international space probes were sent to discover the comet, and most prominent amongst them being ESA's Giotto. After these probes came back with valuable scientific information, they became obvious to follow-on and were needed to shed up more light on commentary opus and answer new questions.

The European space Agency and NASA have started cooperatively developing new probes; among them the NASAs project was the Comet Rendezvous Asteroid Flyby (CRAF) mission and was the follow-on Comet Nucleus Sample Return (CNSR) mission by the ESA. Both missions were to share the Mariner Mark II spacecraft design, thus minimizing costs. In 1992, after NASA canceled CRAF due to budgetary limitations, ESA decided to develop a CRAF-style project on its own. By 1993 it was evident that the ambitious trial return mission was infeasible with the existing European agency budget, that is the reason the mission was redesigned and subsequently approved by the ESA, with the final journey plan similar to the canceled CRAF duty: an asteroid flyby follow by a comet rendezvous with an in-situ examination, including a Lander. After the spacecraft launch, Gerhard Schwehm was named mission manager; he retired in March 2014.

We will learn more on this blog in our next part. 


World Series

The World Series is the baseball (MLB) annual championship series played in North America every year.  Major League baseball is one of the oldest professional sports league in the country. It has 30 teams placed in two divisions like; American League (AL) and National League (NL). The World Series will be played by the teams in two divisions and the winner of the series will be decided through best of seven playoffs. The winning team will be awarded the Commissioner’s trophy. The World Series are played during the month of October and sometimes in November. This Major league championship has started in 1903. Till 2016 there were 112 times the contests has been played, the American League has won 64 times and National League won 48 times.

This year the series was played between Chicago Cubs and Cleveland Indians, both teams have played 7 games the cubs emerges as victorious after the seventh game which was played in Cleveland. New York Yankees have the good record in reaching the World Series, they have played 40 series and won 27, Kansas city, Philadelphia and Oakland Athletics all the three played 14 times and won 9. Boston Redsox played 12 in that they won 8 times.

By 2016, no team has won successive World Series championships seeing as the New York Yankees in 1998, 1999, and 2000—the best ever such drought in Major League Baseball history.


The World Series is first played in 1903. New York Yankees are the only teams hold the longest winning streak record they won consecutively in three series 1998, 1999, 2000. This is the best winning streak and no of teams in MLB holds such record till 2016. The popularity of baseball increased during 1920-30 era, Babe Ruth was a most dominant player in this era.

Precursors towards the modern World Series (1857–1902)

The Original World Series

Rooftop view of a 1903 World Series game in Boston

Rooftop view of a 1903 World Series game in Boston

In anticipation to form the American Association of the Second Major League, the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players of 1871–1875 and then the National League 1876 represented as the top level of organized baseball in the United States in 1882.

All the championships were awarded to the team effort and the best record at the end of the season. From 1884 to 1890, the American association and the National League faced each other in a set of series of games at the end of the season to determine the overall champion.

The series were jumbled in contrast to the modern World Series, and the terms were arranged as per the negotiation of the owners of the championship teams in advance. The number of games played ranged from as few to three in 1884, and to a high of fifteen in 1887. Detroit beat St. Louis ten games to five. Both for the years 1885 and 1890; but the series ended in a tie, as each team having won three games with one tie game. These series were then referred to as The Championship of the United States. Slowly these series became so popular in the Unites States.


The Chicago Cubs celebrate the winning of 2016 World Series

You can see The Chicago Cubs celebrate the winning of 2016 World Series, which has ended in the club's 108-year championship drought.

The numbers in parenthesis in the table are World Series appearances, as of the date of that World Series.  You can see the Winning and the Losing teams in the respective columns and the number of times that team has appeared in a World Series as well as each respective teams' World Series record to date.

  • The National League Team
  • The American League Team

List of World Series champions


St. Nicholas’ Day

Saint Nicholas' Day is an observance which is observed on December 6 in many Western Christian countries and on December 19 in Eastern Christian countries. This is the day of the feast of Saint Nicholas. This day is celebrated as a Christian celebration with regard to the reputation as a whisperer of gifts, and as well as for the attendance of the mass and worship services. You can see boys dressed -up like bishops begging alms for the poor in Europe, especially in Germany and Poland.

While in Ukraine, children wait for this day to come and wait for the gifts to put under their pillows on their best behavior during this year. But for them; who behaved badly would expect a stick or a piece of coal under their pillows. However, in Netherlands, the Dutch children place out a clog filled with food and a carrot for Saint Nicholas' horse. On this day the gifts will be tagged with personal and a humorous rhyme written by the sender.

Saint Nicholas' Day

In the United States, there is one custom related to this Day is children leave their shoes in the foyer on Saint Nicholas Eve with a hope that Saint Nicholas will place some coins on the soles, for them to awake to.

The Americas Santa Claus, as well as the British Father Christmas, derives in part from Saint Nicholas and part from the Dutch Sinterklaas, the saint's name in that language. Yet the gift giving is associated with these descendant figures is associated with Christmas Day rather than Saint Nicholas Day itself.

St Nicholas' Day is a ceremonial observance and not a federal public holiday in the United States.


The legendary personality of St. Nicholas is derived from Nicholas of Myra who officiated as a bishop in 4th century Greece. During his lifetime he developed his like of gift-giving by either putting some coins into other people's shoes or giving candies and other gifts, this tradition accounts for many of today's Christmas traditions that involve leaving gifts in clogs or shoes.

While some Europeans who immigrated to the United States bring beliefs, customs and practices that are associated with St Nicholas' Day. It has been recorded that these celebrations are associated with the observance took place in cities such as New York in the early 1800s.

How do people celebrate St Nicholas' Day

Children in families and neighbors gather and celebrate the St Nicholas' Day by treating themselves with  treats that include receiving or giving the candies, small toys, cookies , or a fruit - in stockings, socks, shoes or bags on December 6. You will have some churches having special services dedicated to the feast of St Nicholas day.



12/7 Pearl Harbor Remembrance

Every year December 7 is referred as National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day. This was observed to honor 2403 American people who were killed in Japanese Air attack on DEC 7 1941 on Pearl Harbor in Hawaii.

The US Congress On August 23, 1994, nominated Dec 7 of every year referred National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day. On this day the American flag will be flown Half Mast or Half-staff (i.e) the flag will be flying midway between the bottom of the pole and the summit till sunset to honor those people who died in the attack.

National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day

As an honor and respect, American people and government organization flew the flag on their homes and workplaces.

Pearl Harbor Remembrance

Without declaring a war the naval air services of Japan attacked pearl Harbor, this terrifying attack destroyed two battleships USS Arizona and USS Oklahoma and damaged five others and several other naval property losses, 188 aircraft were destroyed and damaged air craft’s numbered 159.

The day after the attack the United States of America declared war on Japan; by this move America has officially entered into World War II joining hand with allied powers.

This year the US will observe the 75th annual year of Pearl Harbor attack, The 75th anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor is the right occasion for youngsters to respect and honor the brave sacrifice and commitment of our "Greatest Generation", the suffered incredible sacrifices of civilians military personnel on December 7, 1941, the Like our president Franklin D. Roosevelt said it’s the "date which will live in reputation."

It would push America into World War II, varying Hawaii and America forever and this continues to describe their place in the World. The actions of this date triggered to resolve as a nation, our can-do attitude and resourcefulness and an unmatched commitment to the defense of freedom.

Accepting past events and their penalty can arouse respect for an emotional assurance to peaceful solutions to conflict. How do we help future generation to plan their way in the direction of peace and prosperity? We can learn from the past. A key focus of the remembrance of the 75th anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor will be a brighter future in our relationship with Japan and the celebration of 71 years of peace between us.


Thanksgiving Traditions

Thanksgiving Day falls on the fourth Thursday of November in the United States. It originated as a harvest festival and a public holiday. Since 1789, Thanksgiving is been celebrated nationally on and off after a proclamation declared by George Washington. This day is celebrated as a federal holiday every year ever since 1863. While from the American Civil War; the President Abraham Lincoln has proclaimed this day as a national day of "Thanksgiving to Praise our beneficent Father; who dwelleth in the Heavens. Along with Christmas and the New Year, Thanksgiving is also a part of the broader holiday season.


Thanksgiving is celebrated to praise and plenty; this day is surrounded with friends and family. People celebrate this day with the fruits of the past year. But, why did this feast mean to the first inhabitants of America? This is what we will see on this blog today.


As per the belief, the Pilgrim Fathers landed at Cape Cod on November 21, 1620. They came on shore at Provincetown, which is just inside the tip of the rocky headland. It is said that that was not a good place to found a colony. However, after some days later they moved the boat to New Plymouth, near Massachusets. As the winter weather in this new world was worse for them than their wildest dreams; they decided to crowd back aboard the boat and lived there for the next three months.

Thanksgiving Traditions

These early settlers were like English folk to them. They were not Puritans, and the Founding Mothers; whom about we hear very less) used to wear colorful dresses with long skirts. They were Protestant dissenters, who left their homeland for the freedom to worship God in their own way.

While the passenger lists of the Mayflower is around 102 names; a mixture of women, men and children, this list also includes several fosterlings of illegitimate birth. However, Mayflower is a merchant ship, square-rigged with three masts. This ship is about 100ft long and 25ft wide, and about 28 crew members sailed it. The quarters were overcrowded with enough during the nine-week voyage; almost intolerable in the three months that followed and the people were weakened by hunger and disease. Half of the people in the board died during the first terrible winter.

Belief says that at one point, people survived with five grains of corn a day the following spring, later a man called Squanto showed them how to plant “Three Sisters” – the staple crops of maize –sweet corn, beans – legumes and squash - marrows & pumpkins. He trained them how to fertilize the corn with a fish head under every shoot. That autumn turned good to the settlers and brought in an adequate harvest; they then knew how that they could survive in this new land.

Thanksgiving Feast

The First Thanksgiving was like a feast which was done to thank God and the Indians. In fact, New England colonists used to frequently held thanksgivings, as these were more usual days of prayers and fasting. However, the Christian service commemorates bread and wine as thanks-offering. It is believed that Ninety Indians arrived with turkeys for a three-day festive, with songs and dance. The Thursday is a start to give the Pilgrims time to enjoy themselves before the Sabbath celebration.

The Thanksgiving was first declared a national holiday by President Abraham Lincoln in 1863; this was during the Civil War. However, it is originally celebrated on the last Thursday in November; later it was moved to the fourth Thursday since 1941 to expand the Christmas shopping season. Thanksgiving is now the biggest holiday in many places of the world.

How do people celebrate Thanksgiving

Everyone gathers at a common place or at their home to enjoy the day. They enjoy the thanksgiving feast meal which includes turkey, maize, beans, cranberry sauce and mainly the pumpkin pie. The five grains of dry corn on every plate will remind the hardship and the struggle people had in those early days.

Happy Thanksgiving!!!!!


Yom Kippur - 2016

When is Yom Kippur?

Yom Kippur begins at sunset on Oct. Tuesday 11 and lasts through Oct. 12, Wednesday.

Yom means "day" as per Hebrew and Kippur come from a root which means "to atone", this word is connected with the biblical name which is like covering of the Ark — kapporet. Yom Kippur is generally expressed as "Day of Atonement" in English.


Yom Kippur is the sacred day of the year celebrated by Jews. It is the Jewish Day of communal and personal atonement, means expiation/reparation for sins committed during the past year. Jewish people celebrate this day with fasting for over 24 hours and rigorous prayers, and they love to spend most of the day in synagogue services.

Rosh Hashanah & Yom Kippur

Rosh Hashanah is the first day of this sacred month; it is considered as the Jewish New Year starting as in the Jewish calendar. This month is for the forgiveness of all the sins and people ask to forgive them to God. Yom Kippur is the 10th day of the seventh month; which is also known as Tishrei as per Jewish calendar and with regards to Sabbath of Sabbaths. This day is also the first month of the civil year.

According to Jewish values, the almighty “God” engraves everyone’s fate in the Book of Life on Rosh Hashanah, and wait till Yom Kippur to "seal" the judgment. In this period Jewish people seek forgiveness from god for things which they have done against him and against human beings.

On the Yom Kippur day, people are set to give their confessions and petitions to god, after following this ritual at the end of the Yom Kippur day it will be believed that their deeds will be forgiven by the god almighty.

On a regular day, Jewish people follow three services (evening prayer, Morning Prayer, afternoon prayer) and on Yom Kippur day they will have five services they will have special prayer service called Neila and closing prayer, along with their regular three prayer services.

Torah the Jewish Bible mandates Yom Kippur as atonement for sins which commences on 10th day of the 7th month or Tishrei and followed as strict rest day, and it is strictly observed without eating any food nor drinks, no washing, and bathing, no one is allowed to wear leather shoes and no anointing.

The reasons to follow strict observations on Yom Kippur is by not just for doing these things, but there is a saying that one’s body will suffer or become uncomfortable but he still can survive. The soul is considered as living source or life in the body. By observing this strict practice on this day ones soul will become uncomfortable, and this uncomfortable condition makes the person realize how others feel when they are in pain. This is the main purpose of observing this strict fasting and fasting on Yom Kippur.

Some of the customs on Yom Kippur

Fasting is one of the central components of this holiday.  As per the Jewish tradition, the adults are commanded to take fast for the whole day. However, there are exceptions for pregnant women, nursing mothers, and for those who are ill.

In order to apologize, god, one must follow these three things, praying, charity, and repent.


Discovery of Earth-like Planet

NASA has announced that the discovery of Kepler 452b, also known as Earth 2.0, is an earth-like planet in our galaxy. Over the years of data gathering from the Kepler space telescope and more analysis and work is there here on Earth; confirmed the scientists. As per them the existence of the distant exoplanet which is going to be the most Earth-like planet to be ever discovered.

Though the planet is too far away to photograph, the advanced NASA technology helps to know more surprising information about this 'New Earth'.

Beginning the conference, John Grunsfeld, who is the associate administrator in Nasa's Science Mission Directorate in Washington, says: Today we are announcing the discovery of an exoplanet which is pretty close cousin of our Earth. It's the closest so far. It's Earth 2.0.

Before the conference, John Grunsfeld, who is the associate administrator of NASA’s Science Mission directorate from Washington said that today we are announcing the discovery of an exoplanet which was far as we can tell is a pretty close cousin of earth. It is very close so far, it’s Earth 2.0. A lot about Kepler 452b is very similar to Earth, like from its size, length of its years, and the estimated conditions on its surface.

Years on Kepler 452b are about the same duration as they are on Earth. A year on the recently discovered planet, the time it takes to orbit its star, Kepler 452 lasts for 385 days, which means 20 more days longer than Earth.

The above image helps you understand the different two years on other closer planets to Earth. A year on Venus, now and then the closest planet to the Earth, lasts only 88 Earth-days. A year on Neptune, which was further out in our solar system, is just equal of 185 Earth-years.

Kepler spent billions of years within the best habitable distance of its star. Kepler 452 – is around 1.5 billion years older than our Sun. If a planet is to be very close to its star, then it will also be too hot to host life. But if it is too far away then it can be too cold also.

Kepler has the perfect distance from its star for many billions of years. As per Jon Jenkins, the Kepler data analysis lead at NASA Ames Research Centre, it's possible that it hosts life on its surface, or may have some point in its history.  It may also have active volcanoes and water on its surface.

Kepler 452 may have the right temperature, which allows the liquid water to exist on the surface; as this is essential in supporting the lives.

According to John Coughlin, a researcher from California at the SETI Institute says that Kepler team worked with geologists to find out the make-up of the planet. But, due to its size and age, be more likely to be a rocky planet, it could have a volcanic system under its surface.

The researchers assume that humans could potentially stay alive in Kepler 452b's stronger gravity.

The new planet is somewhat larger than Earth and is also predictable to have twice the gravitational pull of our own planet. Yet, as per the scientists of the Kepler’s team, this doesn't signify that it couldn't support life.

Jon Jenkins says that humans could adapt to the gravity, probably becoming "stockier over many generations."

We see today that people have already used to heavy weights; as we humans are built to do this kind of things. However, the human body has an astounding capability to repair itself.

Plants could potentially flourish there. The Kepler 452 is to some extent larger than our own Sun. The additional light and heat energy that the planet receives from the star not only mean it is slightly heater than Earth, but also it could mean that plant life could thrive there.

How plant photosynthesis produces the air we breathe, it is essential to building blocks of life to have a good chance of living on Kepler 452b.

As per Jon Jenkins speech; the sunshine from Kepler's star is very alike to the sunshine from our own star, and the plants there could be able to produce photosynthesize just the same way we get.

Let should we have a feel a lot like home soon.


Stanford’s Robotic Mermaid

Stanford created "Robotic Mermaid" to help with Deep Sea Exploration Missions.

Remotely Operated Vehicles and Artificial intelligent walk side by side these days. Remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) are used to conduct undersea tasks, which are considered unsafe for humans, for many years. While, these machines are very useful to tackle projects like oil rigging repairs, vehicles that lack the refinement and agility required to handle delicate missions like monitoring the coral reefs.  The traditional boxy shape also created difficulties for the robots to penetrate the tiny areas without damaging the surrounding flora. Now it’s time for the Stanford universities to grab the appreciations for the latest creature which is the high-end version mermaid robot, named as OceanOne.

The idea behind creating this humanoid robot was conceptualized three years ago by the King Abdullah University of science and Technology (KAUST) researchers in Saudi Arabia. They believe that such robots would help monitor coral reefs and under ocean activities in the Red Sea. To elaborate and bring the vision to life the Associate professor Khaled Salama turned to his colleagues at California’s Stanford University for further help.

Professor Oussama Khatib, and the Director of Stanford’s Robotics Lab along with his team of graduate and undergraduate students were fascinated by the idea of creating an underwater robot and instantly agreed. While it took a few years to get the first prototype of OceanOne, and it was released in April 2016, is everything Salama and his team had hoped for, and more.

OceanOne was about five feet from head to tail, and it has stereoscopic eyes, which helps to allow the pilot to view deep down views into the ocean without entering the ocean. It has the fins which provide ample storage space to fit computers, batteries, and even 8 multi-directional thrusters to help and keep the robot stable in confused waters.

Unlike other traditional ROV’s; the OceanOne’s electronics are waterproofed with oil rather than covering the inside parts with a rigid case. The OceanOne is designed simply to prevent the electronics from buckling under the water pressure and enable the robot mermaid to reach depths of up to 2,000 meters without collapsing.

Smart algorithms enable the humanoid robot to avoid collisions under the water and help from the pilot, even it can use its hands to swim when it is stuck in a tight spot; when it cannot avoid a crash then the robot can alleviate the impact by stretching out its arm. Since it can also communicate with human pilots through hand-gestures, it can also be a useful diving companion when needed.

However, when the waters are very uneven, the robot can turn on the thrusters which are stored in its fin to stabilize itself. Sensors are affixed to the robot’s arms and wrists which will help enable the pilot to touch the undersea objects and determine them clearly on the weight and texture. It was very crucial to decide on the amount of force that is required to lift the object without damaging it. There were additional sensors fixed around the robotic mermaid’s body to keep track on the currents and ocean’s turbulence.

Although, the OceanOne is originally created to monitor the coral reefs, but the first mission was a tad more exciting. In April, the robotic mermaid was first sent to investigate the wreckage of King Louis XIV’s flagship, La Lune, which sank off the coast of France in 1664; but the robotic mermaid did not dissatisfy. Later with the help of Professor Khatib guidance, OceanOne made its way 100-meters beneath the surface of the Mediterranean, and it carefully picked up a preserved grapefruit-sized vase and placed it in the recovery basket.

The OceanOne, however, stood up to all the expectations and high-fived all the archaeologists and engineers who had accompanied it on this significant journey. With the achievement of the first under sea’s mission, it will be all exciting to see what coming in the future.



Oktoberfest begins in Germany

2016 Oktoberfest begins in Munich; the Beer lovers from all around the world are ready to stream into the Munich's Theresienwiese for the start of this year's cheer with beer Oktoberfest. This is going to be the 183rd Oktoberfest in Munich, Germany.

What is Oktoberfest all about?

What is Oktoberfest all about?

The Oktoberfest began on October 12, 1810, to celebrate the marriage of Crown Prince Ludwig of Bavaria, who later became the King Ludwig I. He married to Princess Therese of Saxony-Hildburghausen, according to Oktoberfest de. The celebrations ran through October 17, for five days after the marriage. A large fest was organized in front of the Sendlinger Tor, one of the gates that lead towards to Munich. The celebrations were the highest moments for the people o Munich and the festivities included horse races which became later the Oktoberfest custom lasting until today since 1938.


While in the year 1811, an agricultural fair was added, and by 1818 beer pubs were started alongside with the performers. So starting from then, it became a great traveler attraction and a great opportunity for the visitors to learn more about Bavaria, its people, and culture.

Munich Oktoberfest is held in the month of September, as the weather is milder than the Octobers. The fest lasts for almost sixteen days, beginning on a Saturday in September and ends on the first Sunday of October. Already the horse racing was ended in 1938, the other events continued over the years with the exception of wartime.

Since 1887 lederhosen and dirndls are the traditional wear for the attendees. When the sharp dot hits at 12 noon on Saturday, September 17th, The Munich’s mayor Dieter Reiter will tap the first barrel declaring the "Wiesn“ - as per Munich people they call it-  officially open.  The fest begins with a parade, and then it’s the time you can see everyone with big beer mugs cheering each other.  You will see the City mayor and the other civic leaders, followed by a horse-drawn brewer’s carts, bands, and townspeople wearing the traditional costumes. The parade ends at the oldest tent at the Oktoberfest, the Schottenhamel Tent where the mayor starts the fest with the first keg of beer and then the toasting begins.  It is estimated that more than 7,000,000 people attended the opening ceremony.

The Schottenhamel Tent

The six major brewers of the Oktoberfest Maerzen beer in Munich will be found in the seven halls where there will be live music throughout the day and evening. Here are the six major brewers: Lowenbrau, Hacker-Pschorr, Hofbrauhaus, Spaten, Augustiner, and Paulaner.

You will find people dancing and screaming outside the beer tents, with the music, sideshows, carnival rides and lot of delicious German food serving.

While kids below the age six must leave the tents before; even they are in the company of their parents. For families you will find extra discounts on particular days, and everything will be served to eat like; wursts of beef, chicken, pork, veal, slices of beef, pieces of chicken, sauerkraut, variety of potato salads, cabbage, onions, and of course pretzels to be enjoyed with a large stein of favorite beer.

Happy Oktoberfest!!!