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Kwanzaa is a weeklong celebration held in the United States and in other western nations celebrating with African communities.  Every year Kwanzaa is celebrated from December 26 – January 1st honoring the African custom in African- American Community.

Kwanzaa Celebration

People light a Kinara – which is a candle holder with seven candles and distribute gifts to each other.  It was first celebrated in 1966-67 by its creator Maulana Karenga.

Kwanzaa means “first Fruits”, Karenga said the word Kwanzaa is extracted from the Swahili phrase.  Swahili is a Bantu language and the phrase he denoted is “matunda ya kwanza” which means “first fruits of the harvest".

People celebrate Kwanzaa in their own way but they often include singing and dancing.  Everyone gathers at one place and celebrate this day by telling stories, poetry, playing African drums, and having a large traditional meal.  Given by its creator Maulana Karenga (generally called as Nguza Saba) Karenga mentioned that Nguza Saga or the seven principles of Kwanzaa are the best African practices and thoughts in continual give-and-take with the world.

The Seven Principles

  • Umoja (Unity): To do your best for and to preserve unity in the family, community, nation, and race.
  • Kujichagulia (Self-Determination):  To describe and label ourselves, in addition, to producing and voice for ourselves.
  • Ujima (Collective Work and Responsibility):  To shape and preserve our community composed and craft our brothers' and sisters' difficulties problems our difficulties and to resolve them collectively.
  • Ujamaa (Cooperative Economics):  To maintain and construct our own businesses and to attain revenue from them together.
  • Nia (Purpose):  To make vocations collectively the constructing and rising of our community in order to reestablish traditional prominence.
  • Kuumba (Creativity):  Always do whatever you can, in order to make our tradition more gorgeous and valuable.
  • Imani (Faith):  To trust with all our hearts in our parents, our leaders, our teachers, our people,  and the morality and triumph of our struggle.

The symbols of Kwanzaa include mat (Mkeka), Mishumaa Saba (seven candles), a Kinara (candle holder), Muhindi (corn), mazao (crops), a Kikombe cha Umoja (unity cup) and giving shukrani (thanks) to African Ancestors, and Zawadi (gifts).  Other symbols include black, red and green flags (bendera), books and other African artwork which resemble the African culture unity and reinforcement.

How to Observe

Families, who observe Kwanzaa wear African cloths (kente), decorate their houses with African artifacts and fresh fruits,  which represent African tradition and culture.  Parents make their children to participate in the celebration to honor their ancestors.

The ceremony also includes music such as playing drums, performances by various artist, candle-lighting rituals, reading the African pledge and a feast (karamu).

Cultural exhibitions held at the John F. Kennedy Center include the Spirit of Kwanzaa, interpretive dance, songs and poetry and African dance.

Kwanzaa and its Popularity

According to the survey done by the National Retail foundation USA in 2004, it is found that 4.7 million people had planned to celebrate Kwanzaa.  In a 2006 speech Maulana Karenga mentioned 28 million celebrate Kwanzaa.  In 2009 the African-American cultural center had claimed 30 million people celebrated Kwanzaa.

Celebration has also spread across Canada, where their black Canadian population started celebrating Kwanzaa.  Similar celebration is also observed in Brazil.

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World Series

The World Series is the baseball (MLB) annual championship series played in North America every year.  Major League baseball is one of the oldest professional sports league in the country. It has 30 teams placed in two divisions like; American League (AL) and National League (NL). The World Series will be played by the teams in two divisions and the winner of the series will be decided through best of seven playoffs. The winning team will be awarded the Commissioner’s trophy. The World Series are played during the month of October and sometimes in November. This Major league championship has started in 1903. Till 2016 there were 112 times the contests has been played, the American League has won 64 times and National League won 48 times.

This year the series was played between Chicago Cubs and Cleveland Indians, both teams have played 7 games the cubs emerges as victorious after the seventh game which was played in Cleveland. New York Yankees have the good record in reaching the World Series, they have played 40 series and won 27, Kansas city, Philadelphia and Oakland Athletics all the three played 14 times and won 9. Boston Redsox played 12 in that they won 8 times.

By 2016, no team has won successive World Series championships seeing as the New York Yankees in 1998, 1999, and 2000—the best ever such drought in Major League Baseball history.

History

The World Series is first played in 1903. New York Yankees are the only teams hold the longest winning streak record they won consecutively in three series 1998, 1999, 2000. This is the best winning streak and no of teams in MLB holds such record till 2016. The popularity of baseball increased during 1920-30 era, Babe Ruth was a most dominant player in this era.

Precursors towards the modern World Series (1857–1902)

The Original World Series

Rooftop view of a 1903 World Series game in Boston

Rooftop view of a 1903 World Series game in Boston

In anticipation to form the American Association of the Second Major League, the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players of 1871–1875 and then the National League 1876 represented as the top level of organized baseball in the United States in 1882.

All the championships were awarded to the team effort and the best record at the end of the season. From 1884 to 1890, the American association and the National League faced each other in a set of series of games at the end of the season to determine the overall champion.

The series were jumbled in contrast to the modern World Series, and the terms were arranged as per the negotiation of the owners of the championship teams in advance. The number of games played ranged from as few to three in 1884, and to a high of fifteen in 1887. Detroit beat St. Louis ten games to five. Both for the years 1885 and 1890; but the series ended in a tie, as each team having won three games with one tie game. These series were then referred to as The Championship of the United States. Slowly these series became so popular in the Unites States.

Winners

The Chicago Cubs celebrate the winning of 2016 World Series

You can see The Chicago Cubs celebrate the winning of 2016 World Series, which has ended in the club's 108-year championship drought.

The numbers in parenthesis in the table are World Series appearances, as of the date of that World Series.  You can see the Winning and the Losing teams in the respective columns and the number of times that team has appeared in a World Series as well as each respective teams' World Series record to date.

  • The National League Team
  • The American League Team

List of World Series champions

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St. Nicholas’ Day

Saint Nicholas' Day is an observance which is observed on December 6 in many Western Christian countries and on December 19 in Eastern Christian countries. This is the day of the feast of Saint Nicholas. This day is celebrated as a Christian celebration with regard to the reputation as a whisperer of gifts, and as well as for the attendance of the mass and worship services. You can see boys dressed -up like bishops begging alms for the poor in Europe, especially in Germany and Poland.

While in Ukraine, children wait for this day to come and wait for the gifts to put under their pillows on their best behavior during this year. But for them; who behaved badly would expect a stick or a piece of coal under their pillows. However, in Netherlands, the Dutch children place out a clog filled with food and a carrot for Saint Nicholas' horse. On this day the gifts will be tagged with personal and a humorous rhyme written by the sender.

Saint Nicholas' Day

In the United States, there is one custom related to this Day is children leave their shoes in the foyer on Saint Nicholas Eve with a hope that Saint Nicholas will place some coins on the soles, for them to awake to.

The Americas Santa Claus, as well as the British Father Christmas, derives in part from Saint Nicholas and part from the Dutch Sinterklaas, the saint's name in that language. Yet the gift giving is associated with these descendant figures is associated with Christmas Day rather than Saint Nicholas Day itself.

St Nicholas' Day is a ceremonial observance and not a federal public holiday in the United States.

History

The legendary personality of St. Nicholas is derived from Nicholas of Myra who officiated as a bishop in 4th century Greece. During his lifetime he developed his like of gift-giving by either putting some coins into other people's shoes or giving candies and other gifts, this tradition accounts for many of today's Christmas traditions that involve leaving gifts in clogs or shoes.

While some Europeans who immigrated to the United States bring beliefs, customs and practices that are associated with St Nicholas' Day. It has been recorded that these celebrations are associated with the observance took place in cities such as New York in the early 1800s.

How do people celebrate St Nicholas' Day

Children in families and neighbors gather and celebrate the St Nicholas' Day by treating themselves with  treats that include receiving or giving the candies, small toys, cookies , or a fruit - in stockings, socks, shoes or bags on December 6. You will have some churches having special services dedicated to the feast of St Nicholas day.

 

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Thanksgiving Traditions

Thanksgiving Day falls on the fourth Thursday of November in the United States. It originated as a harvest festival and a public holiday. Since 1789, Thanksgiving is been celebrated nationally on and off after a proclamation declared by George Washington. This day is celebrated as a federal holiday every year ever since 1863. While from the American Civil War; the President Abraham Lincoln has proclaimed this day as a national day of "Thanksgiving to Praise our beneficent Father; who dwelleth in the Heavens. Along with Christmas and the New Year, Thanksgiving is also a part of the broader holiday season.

History

Thanksgiving is celebrated to praise and plenty; this day is surrounded with friends and family. People celebrate this day with the fruits of the past year. But, why did this feast mean to the first inhabitants of America? This is what we will see on this blog today.

Thanksgiving

As per the belief, the Pilgrim Fathers landed at Cape Cod on November 21, 1620. They came on shore at Provincetown, which is just inside the tip of the rocky headland. It is said that that was not a good place to found a colony. However, after some days later they moved the boat to New Plymouth, near Massachusets. As the winter weather in this new world was worse for them than their wildest dreams; they decided to crowd back aboard the boat and lived there for the next three months.

Thanksgiving Traditions

These early settlers were like English folk to them. They were not Puritans, and the Founding Mothers; whom about we hear very less) used to wear colorful dresses with long skirts. They were Protestant dissenters, who left their homeland for the freedom to worship God in their own way.

While the passenger lists of the Mayflower is around 102 names; a mixture of women, men and children, this list also includes several fosterlings of illegitimate birth. However, Mayflower is a merchant ship, square-rigged with three masts. This ship is about 100ft long and 25ft wide, and about 28 crew members sailed it. The quarters were overcrowded with enough during the nine-week voyage; almost intolerable in the three months that followed and the people were weakened by hunger and disease. Half of the people in the board died during the first terrible winter.

Belief says that at one point, people survived with five grains of corn a day the following spring, later a man called Squanto showed them how to plant “Three Sisters” – the staple crops of maize –sweet corn, beans – legumes and squash - marrows & pumpkins. He trained them how to fertilize the corn with a fish head under every shoot. That autumn turned good to the settlers and brought in an adequate harvest; they then knew how that they could survive in this new land.

Thanksgiving Feast

The First Thanksgiving was like a feast which was done to thank God and the Indians. In fact, New England colonists used to frequently held thanksgivings, as these were more usual days of prayers and fasting. However, the Christian service commemorates bread and wine as thanks-offering. It is believed that Ninety Indians arrived with turkeys for a three-day festive, with songs and dance. The Thursday is a start to give the Pilgrims time to enjoy themselves before the Sabbath celebration.

The Thanksgiving was first declared a national holiday by President Abraham Lincoln in 1863; this was during the Civil War. However, it is originally celebrated on the last Thursday in November; later it was moved to the fourth Thursday since 1941 to expand the Christmas shopping season. Thanksgiving is now the biggest holiday in many places of the world.

How do people celebrate Thanksgiving

Everyone gathers at a common place or at their home to enjoy the day. They enjoy the thanksgiving feast meal which includes turkey, maize, beans, cranberry sauce and mainly the pumpkin pie. The five grains of dry corn on every plate will remind the hardship and the struggle people had in those early days.

Happy Thanksgiving!!!!!

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Black Friday

Shopping, shopping, shopping, it’s Black Friday and it is the best time for shopping. Traditionally black Friday is observed on the following day of Thanksgiving Day.  Black Friday is the day where people start their Christmas shopping, the major retailers in the American market opens early and stay till midnight.

Though Black Friday is not an official holiday, California and few other states observe a holiday for state government employees. Black Friday is rated as the busiest shopping day since 2005.The retailers and major stores attract the customers by offering huge discounts, flat sales, early bird and door buster sales.

The reason why the Friday after the Thanksgiving Day is called as Black Friday is because; this is the day where the stores in America earn a huge profit, and in their profit and loss statements, they mark losses in red ink and profit in black.

Black Friday Profits

Traditionally most of the stores have the discount sale in their stores to make the pot more sweeten, and most of the enterprises also announce huge discount sales on their e-commerce sites.

You can have a promo code on many fashion stores, and many stores will provide discount coupons to grab as many customers as they can.

This year the black Friday falls on Friday, Nov 25, the usage of the term Black Friday started in the journal “Factory Management & Maintenance” which was published on Nov 1951. It is stated as the workers calling in sick the day after the Thanksgiving Thursday. The usage of this term Black Friday slowly started appearing in daily newspapers. The New York Times Nov 29, 1975, edition paraphrased the shopping situation as “the busiest shopping and traffic day of the year".

As the phrase gained more popularity the merchants started advertising it as Black Friday and made it as important shopping day of the year.

Black Friday

You can see the same trend observed by other nations also. Since Black Friday gained more popularity and importance in the US, its neighboring nation Canada has also had the biggest impact. It was pointed by a new report that the citizens of Canada who are living across the US borders started flooding into the US on black Friday to gain to take the advantages of the discounts on all major stores.

Another neighborhood nation Mexico also has the greatest impact, they refer black Friday as biggest inspiration for manufacturing and retail industry, the call it “El Buen Fin” which means “the good weekend” in Spanish.

The Black Friday fever is also observed in UK, France, and other developing nations like India. The reason for this is the growing number of e-commerce sites.  Every e- seller is planning to grab as much as profit they can on this day.

Happy Shopping!!!!

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Halloween in the United States

Halloween is celebrated by many Americans on October 31. These celebrations include costume parties, tricks, or treating. But now you can see it celebrated in many places apart from the United States.

How do people celebrate and what do they do on this day?

Halloween is usually celebrated amongst friends, family and sometimes with co-workers. However now it is also celebrated in public places; yet, in some areas they hold large community events on this day. Parties and public gatherings along with other events will be planned on October 31 itself, but sometimes they plan to celebrate in the weekends it can be before and after the date.

While, Adults celebrate this day by holding costume parties, watching horror films, or creating haunted houses or graveyards. Children dress up in fancy dresses and visit other homes; and while their visit they demand chocolates, snacks or a small gift. If they do not get anything in return, they threaten people by saying that they will do some harm to the inhabitants of the house. This is nothing but treat or trick played by many during the Halloween. No one will do anything harm to any one, as this will be carried out a very friendly way. However, if your children are taking part of this day, then make sure that someone accompanies them to ensure that their 'treats' are safe to eat or play with.

You can see some families carve pumpkin lantern with 'scary' faces and with other vegetables. The homes and gardens are decorated in Halloween style. This is a tradition to intend to ward off the evil spirits from you. If you have plans to stay at your home on Halloween, then you can make it more interesting by doing big things with small ideas. Plan how to surprise people who visit your home this Halloween. All you need to do is offer them things which are homemade; like get a small bowl with presents or sweets filled to offer,  or you can make small toys or dolls in Halloween style and please the little spirits.

There is another cause that ties with Halloween; that is collecting donations for the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF).  When you are going to your neighborhood to trick-or-treat on Halloween night, you can carry small cardboard boxes with the UNICEF logo on them and request people to help you collect donations which you are going to send directly to UNICEF, instead of collecting candies or sweets this will make you proud by helping the children out there.  Once you are done with your collection, you can send it to UNICEF, who will use it to help needy children worldwide.

Public Life & Holiday.

Halloween is not an official holiday; you can see Government offices and businesses open as common and public transport services run on regular schedules. If you need to drive around in late afternoon or in the evening, it is essential to keep a careful lookout for children who are not used to being out on the avenues after dark. Make sure that there is someone assisting the kids especially when they are wearing dark costumes or masks, as there are very fewer chances to see than normal. 


 

Origin

Halloween is a Pagan festival which was originated from the parts of Northern Europe, mainly from the United Kingdom. Many European cultural customs hold that Halloween is a time when magic is most powerful and people carry the belief that spirits can make contact with the physical world. In the Christian era, it became more like a celebration of the evening before All Saints’ Day. Immigrants from Scotland and Ireland brought this holiday to the United States.

The process of Halloween was started in the early 1900s; when the postcards and die-cut paper decorations were created. While Halloween costumes started to appear on the market in the 1930s and the custom of 'trick-or-treat' appeared in the 1950s. Slowly there was an increase in various types of products available in Halloween style with time. Now Halloween can become the very profitable holiday for the manufacturers of costumes, yard decorators, and candy makers.

Signs

There are various symbols associated with Halloween. These include the ghosts, spooks, and walking skeletons which represent the contact between the spiritual and physical world. Human figures that often represent on Halloween are witches and wizards. You can also see Bats, black cats and spiders often connected with this holiday; as these animals are associated with the night and darkness and accompany witches and wizards.

There is also a wide range of objects associated with this day; they include pumpkins, fire, gravestones, bones, and skulls. You can see many of these objects are now available in stores as decorations for the Halloween season.

Happy Halloween!!!

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Diwali - 2016

Diwali – the festival of lights is near to us. This festival is celebrated in various ways across different customs. While the followers of, Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism observe various customs related to Diwali.This year Diwali is on Sunday, October 30th. As per the position of the moon, the Diwali date changes every year.

As per the Hindu calendar, the date of Diwali falls on the fifteenth day of the lunar phase in a month in the auspicious Hindu month of Kartika; which usually falls in the month of October or November as per the English calendar. However, Diwali falls on the Amavasya day which is also known as no moon day. Another way to know the exact date of Diwali is it comes 20 days after the popular festival of Dussehra, Durga Puja, or Vijaya Dashmi.

In India this is one of the most awaited festivals, in fact, people of every age waits for this auspicious day to celebrate.

How to People celebrate?

The Festival of Lights

On average Diwali is celebrated for five days in many places and a day or two in some. The dates vary as per the regions of India and the date of Diwali comes on various dates; this is because of the traditional lunar calendars which they follow, and this can be interpreted in different ways.

People decorate their homes and workplaces with tiny electric lights or get small clay lamps; they fill the lamps with oil and light them. Every house will be decorated with bowls of water filled with floating candles and flowers on the surface with popular decorations.

Before the day occurs, people make a special effort to clean their homes and yards and paint them new.The day starts with taking bath with fragrant oils and water, wear new clothes, pamper everyone in the family with gifts and sweets. Sweets will be distributed to close friends and business associates. In the evening fireworks will be all set to crackle. You can see kids blowing fireworks which they are allowed to blow up in the guidance of their family.

Declared as public holiday

In India, Diwali is declared as public holiday. Everything remains closed. But you will find sweets shops, firework stores and other businesses shops open. Transport will usually stay unaffected as many locals travel for religious celebrations. However, those who wish to use public transport facilitates on the day should ensure with the local transport establishments on public transit schedules.

History

Diwali is known as the festival of lights. This day mainly symbolize the victory of morality and the lifting of spiritual darkness.  The word “Deepawali” refers to rows of diyas or clay lamps. This is one of the most popular festivals of the Hindu calendar and signifies that this day brings light into our lives sending the darkness away.There is another recall on this festival; that is Lord Rama's return to his kingdom Ayodhya after finishing his 14-year exile. The myths between Rama and Ravana are told during another holiday, which is Dussehra, Durga Puja, or Vijaya Dashami. On Diwali, people will pray to Goddess Lakshmi who is the lord Vishnu’s consort as she symbolizes wealth and prosperity. In West Bengal, this festival is celebrated as Kali Puja, and Kali is Shiva's consort.

While Diwali festival in southern India; often commemorates the conquering of the Naraka, he is the king of Assam who caged many people. It is assumed that later Krishna freed all the prisoners.In many Buddhist places in India, it is marked as the anniversary of the Emperor Ashoka’s conversion to Buddhism around the time of Diwali. People who observe Jainism mark this day as the anniversary of Mahavira's (or Lord Mahavir) attainment of nirvana on October 15, 527 BCE. Mahavir also established the central religious ideas of Jainism.

Sikhs celebrate Diwali as BandiChhorh Divas, which is the sixth Nanak's (Guru Hargobind) return from imprisonment in the Gwalior Fort. This concurrence has resulted in the resemblance of celebrating the day among many Sikhs and Hindus.

Wish you a happy and safest Diwali, mark this day in your personal calendar and start planning for cheerful celebrations!!!!

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October 15 — The Sweetest Day

To do the sweetest thing, you really don’t need the sweetest day. However, we celebrate random holidays, which come every another day. The sweetest day is a holiday which apparently started in 1922, but came to be known very recently.  This is a special day to celebrate with your loved ones.

Significance of Sweetest Day

2017, Sweetest Day is a general holiday celebrated in some parts of the United States. It is a day of dreamy actions or expressions. This day is to remember the less fortunate and has also been referred to as an "imaginary promotion" formed by a famous candy industry exclusively to increase sales of sweets and cards from 2017. The Sweetest Day is observed on the third Saturday of October.

History

The origin of 2017 Sweetest Day is unclear; as a widely established theory on the first Sweetest Day was on October 10, 1921, in Cleveland. This was when a commission of 12 candy makers led by C.C. Hartzell, gathered jointly in 1921 to deliver 20,000 boxes of chocolates and candies to the less-privileged in the city. The top film stars then Theda Bara and Ann Pennington assisted this program.

There is another theory as of 1922, a candy-store owner in Cleveland by name Herbert Birch Kingston wanted to memorize the people in the city who were underprivileged, he started distributing candies and chocolates as many as he can. He selected hospitals and orphanages in the area as the people in these places will be happier. While as per some people’s opinion, this holiday was created to greet people and share their love. So greeting card companies took advantage and sold more candies and cards, but this anyway widely rejected based on no evidence.

There were also many attempts to start this Day in New York City, including an affirmation of a Candy Day all over the United States by candy makers on October 8, 1922.  But, in 1927, it was decreed that the week will begin on October 10, 1927, and be addressed as Sweetest Week.

While in 1940, one more Sweetest Day was proclaimed on October 19. This Sweetest Day is only celebrated in 11 states and parts of two states Illinois, Kentucky, Indiana, Minnesota, Missouri, Michigan,  North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, West Virginia, Wisconsin and areas of both Pennsylvania west and New York of the spine of the Appalachian Mountains.

Traditions

Sweetest Day traditions are alike to Valentine's Day in many locations, you can enjoy this day as you wish. Celebrate this day by giving gifts, candies, chocolates, cards, flowers, and whatever you wish to give. Make this day the happiest by spending your time with your family, friends and your beloved ones. But remember there shouldn’t be a day to make it sweetest but it is upon you how you start your day and coming days. Express your love and care to everyone that will surely make all your days sweetest.

Happy Sweetest Days!!!!!

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Yom Kippur - 2016

When is Yom Kippur?

Yom Kippur begins at sunset on Oct. Tuesday 11 and lasts through Oct. 12, Wednesday.

Yom means "day" as per Hebrew and Kippur come from a root which means "to atone", this word is connected with the biblical name which is like covering of the Ark — kapporet. Yom Kippur is generally expressed as "Day of Atonement" in English.

History

Yom Kippur is the sacred day of the year celebrated by Jews. It is the Jewish Day of communal and personal atonement, means expiation/reparation for sins committed during the past year. Jewish people celebrate this day with fasting for over 24 hours and rigorous prayers, and they love to spend most of the day in synagogue services.

Rosh Hashanah & Yom Kippur

Rosh Hashanah is the first day of this sacred month; it is considered as the Jewish New Year starting as in the Jewish calendar. This month is for the forgiveness of all the sins and people ask to forgive them to God. Yom Kippur is the 10th day of the seventh month; which is also known as Tishrei as per Jewish calendar and with regards to Sabbath of Sabbaths. This day is also the first month of the civil year.

According to Jewish values, the almighty “God” engraves everyone’s fate in the Book of Life on Rosh Hashanah, and wait till Yom Kippur to "seal" the judgment. In this period Jewish people seek forgiveness from god for things which they have done against him and against human beings.

On the Yom Kippur day, people are set to give their confessions and petitions to god, after following this ritual at the end of the Yom Kippur day it will be believed that their deeds will be forgiven by the god almighty.

On a regular day, Jewish people follow three services (evening prayer, Morning Prayer, afternoon prayer) and on Yom Kippur day they will have five services they will have special prayer service called Neila and closing prayer, along with their regular three prayer services.

Torah the Jewish Bible mandates Yom Kippur as atonement for sins which commences on 10th day of the 7th month or Tishrei and followed as strict rest day, and it is strictly observed without eating any food nor drinks, no washing, and bathing, no one is allowed to wear leather shoes and no anointing.

The reasons to follow strict observations on Yom Kippur is by not just for doing these things, but there is a saying that one’s body will suffer or become uncomfortable but he still can survive. The soul is considered as living source or life in the body. By observing this strict practice on this day ones soul will become uncomfortable, and this uncomfortable condition makes the person realize how others feel when they are in pain. This is the main purpose of observing this strict fasting and fasting on Yom Kippur.

Some of the customs on Yom Kippur

Fasting is one of the central components of this holiday.  As per the Jewish tradition, the adults are commanded to take fast for the whole day. However, there are exceptions for pregnant women, nursing mothers, and for those who are ill.

In order to apologize, god, one must follow these three things, praying, charity, and repent.

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Columbus Day in the United States

Columbus Day is an annual federal American holiday which is celebrated on the second Monday in October every year. However, it is not a public legal holiday in some of the states such as California, Washington, Oregon, Nevada, and Hawaii. The day commemorates when Italian navigator Christopher Columbus arrived in the New World and discovered America on October 12, 1492.  The Columbus Day was first proclaimed as the holiday in 1937 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The President was then requested to issue a proclamation designating the second Monday of each year as the Columbus Day, as per the Presidential Proclamation.

While Christopher Columbus is the son of Genoa, born in Italy, who set a sail across the Atlantic, no one imagined about the profound and lasting impact he would have on the world. In search of the westward route towards Asia, Columbus instead covered the Bahamas. As daylight broke on October 12, 1492, his team set foot on a Caribbean island and untouched the course of history. More on Europe, this marked the innovation of the New World, which has set in motion for more than five centuries that have followed. However, Columbus's historic expedition ushered in a new age as because the world has in no way been the same. His voyage opened the doors for many generations of Italian immigrants who followed his trail across the ocean in chase of the promise of America. Same like Columbus, these immigrants, and their descendants have bent the place where they landed.

History

People all out the world, celebrate Columbus's voyage ever since the colonial phase. Historically, this Italian-born explorer has set sail in August 1492. He planned the chart towards the western sea route to China, India and then to the renowned gold and Spice Islands of Asia; as an unusual, he landed in the Bahamas and became the first European who discovered the Americas; since the Vikings set up colonies in Newfoundland and Greenland’s during the tenth century. Thus, this is how Columbus Day was officially declared as the state holiday in Colorado in 1906, and later on, it was declared as the federal holiday in the United States by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1937 as per the Presidential Act.

The date Columbus arrived in the Americas is also known as the Day of the Race (Día de la Raza) in Latin America and some Latino communities in the United States. In Hawaii, Columbus day is celebrated as Discoverers’ Day, but it is not a state holiday. Columbus Day celebrations are also known to be controversial in some places because of the settlement of Europeans in the America, which lead to deaths of a huge ratio of the Native American people.

Customs of Columbus Day

Columbus Day celebrations include lessons about Christopher Columbus and his journey at schools. All through the United States, Columbus Day will evolve into a celebration of Italian and American heritage. Many communities host parades and street fairs with bright costumes, music, and Italian food feasts will be more of attractions. Many cities and towns honor native peoples hold activities such as traditional dance and lessons on Native American culture.

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